- Danubius University of Galati
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- Some Case Studies Regarding the Application of the Principle of Legal Security in the Jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court of Romania
The term legal security, in a doctrinal interpretation, evokes specialist common terms, thus: the retroactivity of the law, the appearance of legality, the appearance of the law, the applicability of the law, the predictability of the law, the legality of incrimination and penalty, legislative inflation, legal acculturation or even the obscurity of the texts of legal rules. A basic feature of the principle of legal security is that the existing legal rules must be predictable, known and understood and that the corresponding legal solutions remain relatively stable and unequivocal. Clarity and sobriety of the legal rule requires that that the text of the law must be formulated clearly, soberly, fluently and intelligibly without syntactical difficulties and obscure or ambiguous passages, and the shape and the aesthetics of expression must not prejudice the legal style, precision and clarity of the provisions of the legal rule. Another essential characteristic of the principle of legal security is that the existing legal rules must be predictable, known and understood and that the corresponding legal solutions remain relatively stable and unambiguous
- The Bioeconomic Strategy of Romania in the Context of a Major Global Crisis
In the 21st century, priorities regarding the future of Planet Earth will wear a completely differentmask. Mankind is becoming increasingly concerned in the preservation of natural resources for thedevelopment of a new civilisation, with acknowledging the real possibilities of recovery regarding themultifarious range of resources in use. We are discussing resources of strict survival such as water, air, accessto modern forms of energy, last but not least soil – all in order to preserve favourable environmentalconditions. Bioeconomic development and world consumption must quickly abandon the unwarranted, allencompassinglevels of ambition concerning resources, and must contain only the levels of sufficiency.(Brown, 2000, pp. 27-29). Bioeconomic development of the New Earth must be accepted by the future onlyin terms of sustainable parameters – a harshly necessary attitude in Romania, consistent with worldwideefforts. (Brown, Larsen, & Fischlowitz- Robert, 2002, pp. 19-22). These major determinants will build arobust bioeconomy of Romania – as an important element of security in case of a worldwide crisis
- Drug Advertisements across Cultures
The present paper intends to approach the pharmaceutical text as a genre of medical discourse, focusing especially on the translation of Drug Advertisements (DA).The aim of this paper is to investigate the translation issues raised by these texts and to offer some translation strategies in order to facilitate their understanding by the non – specialist readers. One of the novelty elements of this article consists in an interdisciplinary approach of the pharmaceutical promotion texts and their analysis from different perspectives: of translation and cultural studies, of linguistics, of pragmatics and of the advertising discourse. The advertising language uses textual as well as cultural strategies in order to get the reader's attention. The understanding and the observance of the cultural values of the target audience is essential for an efficient approach to translation. Consequently, the translator needs to focus not only on the linguistic particularities of the text but also on respecting the socio-cultural differences of the target reader when interpreting the source-text. A difficult element in the translation of the pharmaceutical promotion text represents the cultural appropriateness of the sent message. The publicity of a product can be inefficient owing to the non-compliance with the socio-cultural differences in interpretation that leads to an inadequate promotion. The attempt of finding the optimum translation strategies in order to facilitate the understanding of these texts by the lay – receiver, preserving the meaning as well as the cultural atmosphere in the target text, represents another new element of this approach, given that, there are not many studies in the field literature that focus on this topic
- Waste Management in Gala?i County
Galați County has begun the implementation of the circular economy through the major wastemanagement project submitted for funding to the European Commission. The paper presents as a case studythis project, financed through the Operational Program for Large Infrastructure, in which the circular economyis introduced and implemented as a concept. The project will implement an integrated waste managementsystem in Galați County, which will have a significant positive impact on the environment, human health andquality of life, especially in terms of reducing surface water, soil and groundwater contamination, reducing airpollution, reduced climate impact, reduced hazards for the general public and improved quality of life
- Aspects Regarding the Legality of Search Warrants Obtained Based on the Recordings Conducted with the Logistics of the Romanian Intelligence Service
The search warrants that were obtained based on the recordings taped with the logistics of the Romanian Intelligence Service are struck by nullity. This statement comes in the context in which the interception authorizations were enforced by a non-competent criminal investigation bodies, an aspect which is struck by nullity. Taking into account that the search warrants were granted exclusively on the basis of audio recordings obtained with the logistics and support of the Romanian Intelligence Service, the derivative proofs are to be excluded if they were obtained indirectly from illegal evidence. According to the Romanian Criminal Procedure Code, the recordings are to be conducted by the public attorney or the criminal investigation body. The Romanian Intelligence Service is an institution without judiciary attributions, with a secret identity. According to the Romanian Constitutional Court's Decision number 22/2018, if the surveillance recordings are obtained with the support of the Romanian Intelligence Service, this evidence is to be physically eliminated from the case's files in order to effectively guarantee the presumption of innocence and the right to a fair trial
- The Psychanalitical Approach of Personality
Sigmund Freud considers that personality comprises three major subsystems that interact and control human behavior: the self, the self, the superhuman. S. Freud detected a series of consistent themes that were nothing but expressions of unconscious fears or desires, themes similar to those seen in the analysis of dreams or childhood memories. Sigmund Freud, as he is well known, placed great importance on becoming the personality of the first years of his life. Mostly, he spoke about the fact that the first five years of life are those responsible for establishing the psycho-behavioral base and for constituting the individual unconscious. Freud, at the time, did not enjoy a special collaboration with those in his professional guild. This was also due to the fact that, due to its histrionic structure, it did not accept any opinions from colleagues or disciples. On the other hand, it has restructured its conception of personality, but as some specialists show, also within the same dogmatism
- Diplomatic, Military and Economic Actions of Romania for the Purpose of Exiting the United Nations War
Romania's entry into war with Germany on June 22nd, 1941, would come after two years ofneutrality and non-belligerence, time when the Romanian external policy direction would be pro-German.The years 1943 - 1944 marked the turning point of the war development, the United Nations succeedingin taking the strategic initiative to the detriment of Nazi Germany and its satellites. The political andmilitary disaster that Romania was facing would require the reorientation of its external policy, aiming atbringing the country out of the war as quickly as possible and signing the armistice (Baciu, 1996, pp. 103-104; Onişoru, 1996, pp. 49-50). The considerable deterioration of the military situation on the EasternFront, would contribute to the achievement of the "united opposition", seeking, to obtain conditions asfavorable as possible for Romania, for signing the armistice. The diplomatic action of the oppositionbenefited from the support of King Mihai, but the peace signing initiatives were carried out simultaneouslyalso by the Bucharest regime, which, through direct negotiations with the Allies, pursued the samepolitical goals
- Considerations Regarding the Validity of the Prosecutor's Procedural Documents Appropriated through the Application of a Stamp Containing his Signature
The absence of the prosecutor when his participation is compulsory is sanctioned with the absolute nullity of all the procedural acts conducted without his involvement. In a criminal case where the ex officio notification report, the prosecutor's ordinances for the beginning of the criminal investigaton, of extending the criminal investigation do not contain the prosecutor's holograph signature, the court cannot verify if these procedural acts were truly issued by the prosecutor mentioned in them. The holograph signature applied by the prosecutor on the original procedural acts is the only method of guaranteeing that the procedure and content of these acts were assumed by the public attorney. The application of a stamp that reproduces the prosecutor's signature is an indirect and mechanical method of signing that brings the absolute nullity of the procedural act brought by the public attorney's absence in the supposed issuing of the document. This indirect method of "signing" does not allow to ascertain that the prosecutor has signed the procedural act, because a stamp can be applied by anyone
- Active Ageing: A Framework for the Global Strategy for the Prevention of Falls in Older Age
Every one has an opinion about their quality of life, but no one knows precisely what it means in general.John Stewart Mill noted that individual opinion about well-being was ‘the best means of knowledge immeasurablysurpassing those that can be possessed by any one else' (JS, 1885). Thus, quality of life is highly individualistic andmight even be an ‘idiosyncratic mystery' due to the high levels of variability between individuals, making itunsuitable for decision making. (Leplége, 1997)
- Romania and the International Relationship at the Beginning the Two World Conflagration
Obviously, in terms of Romania's participation in World War II, from a historiographic point ofview, the situation would allow a certain thoroughness of studying the respective period, turning often togradations of the interpretation given to the historical events. (Şuţa, 1982; Anescu, Bantea, & Cupşa, 1966;Militara & Militara, 1989) Throughout the war, the main opponents of Nazi Germany, the Big Three, wouldclearly state their position on the political future of Germany, and especially on the territories entered inone way or another under the trusteeship or control of the Third Reich, addressing the need for redeemingtheir freedom and independence. For the Central and East European countries, the removal of the Germanmilitary occupation would in most cases coincide with the establishment of Soviet control, the immediateconsequences being the communization of the Central and South Eastern Europe. When analyzing moreclosely the twentieth century, we can see that the paradox of contemporary history is constituted by thecauses, deployment and consequences of the Second World War. Initially triggered by Hitlerite Germanyon September 1st, 1939, in order to create and strengthen the vital space so necessary to the "Aryan race",it had great implications and echoes from the start, all over the world, so that the West's media and publicopinion ultimately determined the Western democracies to intervene to prevent Nazi domination in Europe
- European Conservatism as a Present Political Ideology
The historical beginnings of conservative ideology were felt during the Revolution in France and the next decades that followed this event reference of modernity. The conservative thinking has evolved in the nineteenth century and in the early part of the twentieth century, it has experienced major ...
- Geopolitical Developments in the Eastern Area in the Proximity of Romania
We will debate some aspects related to the geopolitical equation of space in Romania's proximity where we have bigger actors (Russia), smaller actors (Republic of Moldova), as well as actors without international legitimacy (Transnistrian Republic). The geopolitical issue includes the analysis of...
- The Roots and Implications of Rising the Right Wing in Europe
During the last few years, extremist right-wing parties in European countries have found considerable popularity. In comparison with the past, they have achieved more seats in the European Parliament. Meanwhile, their slogans and policies are reminiscent of fascist ideals in the first half of the...
- Aspects on Involvement of Citizens in the Decision-Making Process of the European Institutions
This work presents outline relevant issues concerning the real involvement of citizens in the decision-making process of the European institutions as well as the control exercised by the European Ombudsman. Institutional development of the EU, increasing the level of integration and awareness of...
- Corporate Governance - Enterprise Performance Assessment Tool
Within an enterprise, whether public or private, there are interests between managers and partners: shareholders, creditors, employees, suppliers, customers etc. It is imperative that these interests be harmonized because the company's performance is significantly influenced by the form of...
- Building Virtual Environments for Optimizing Learning Processes inside the Modern Organization
This article presents different ways in which new virtual reality technologies can be used in the development of software applications dedicated to supporting organizational learning/training processes. Thus, virtual reality can offer employees of enterprises in the Romanian economy access to an...
- Measurements of Fiscal Imbalances in Romania
Subnational government inequalities are always a challenge for the countries all over the world, in particular large ones, even are unitary states or federations. Romania has a unitary system, but decentralization process and different level of economic development of individual territorial units...
- Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgments in the Case Where a Convicted Person is in Romania
The paper analyzes the institution of the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgment, in the case where a convicted person is in Romania, as well as some references to the conditions of Romanian law to be fulfilled in order to have the recognition and enforcement of such a judgment. Also,...
- The Reform of the Public Administration and of the Socio-Economic System Within the Association Process of the Republic of Moldova to the European Union: Theoretical and Practical Aspects; Problems; Solutions
Pseudo-reforms of the public administration and of the social-economic system in Moldova conducted to deprivation of the legal and operational capacities of the state institutions to react at the increasing level of corruption in the country. More than that, these conditions provided a stimulus for ...
- The Transfer Of Sentenced Persons Held In Third Countries, In Order To Serve The Sentence Or The Measure Of Deprivation Of Liberty In A Penitentiary Or A Medical Unit In Romania. Critical Observations
In the current study we have examined the institution Sentenced Persons Held in Third Countries, in order to serve the sentence or the measure of deprivation of liberty in a penitentiary or a medical unit in Romania, focusing on the recognition of the foreign judgment by the competent courts in...