- Danubius University of Galati
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- The Right to Protest - A Constitutional Right Exercised on the Fringe of Law
The right to protest is fundamental to the health of a democratic thinking. It represents one of the way of expressing the freedom of thought, manifestation, and association. In Romania, the recent events regarding the protest actions, mostly against the political class, have been characterized by a series of distinct features compared to the traditional movements: the transformation of the cyber space into a public space of contestation, the use of social networks for organizing and mobilizing the persons involved in such actions called spontaneous, the absence of an assumed leadership - all these characteristics has established that this constitutional right to protest, recognized since the Antiquity, was exercised on the fringe of lawThis right represents one of the legal instruments by which the citizens can transmit to authorities their disagreement about their actions or interests. Keywords: protest; democracy; action; freedom of thought; freedom of association
- Determinants of Rail Passenger Transport Usage: A Case of Buffalo City Municipality
This study investigated the determinants of rail passengers transport usage. Descriptive analysis in the form of Pearson-chi square and inferential analysis using probit regression were used in this study for data analysis. The study used closed-ended questionnaires and they were distributed to 100 people. The results of the study revealed that level of income, occupation, level of education, safety, and affordability are the common factors that influence the usage of trains for transport. The frequency of usage based on income was about 44%, with about 55% of people indicating they make use of trains because they find it a safe mode transport. The income level, safety, occupation and affordability were statistically insignificant. The level of education had a high frequency at 74% and it was statistically signifacant.004. The second part of the study assessed the incidence of train usage and results revealed that most of people (about 74%) travel by train daily. The policy recommendation from this study is that efforts should made to improve the rail transport services, like the facilities, speed and the time schedule. This study will contribute to generation of knowledge around these issues. Keywords: Transport Economics; Transport usage; Economic Activities; Consumer Tastes
- Efficiency in Economical Approach of Work Place Security in an Industrial Plant
In this paper we made a research viewing the economically approach on main work place and their specific problems in an industrial plant. It shall also take into account aspects concerning the security of work place elements, in the context require of Europe Union. Is highlighted the scientific progress and the innovation in the field of risk assessment and environmental security. The structure and content of the paper are aimed to show the workers skills and abilities in the context of work processes specificity and necessary mechanisms that can avoid the risks in industrial activity. It takes in account the elements of risk assessment and tools of investigation and implementation in terms of work performance. Keywords: work quality standards; risk assessment; security of work place elements
- Aspects of Good Administration in the Self-Government Reformation in Albania
In 2015 Albania introduced the Law No. 139 on "Self-Government in the Republic of Albania" as one of the most relevant reformations, in the framework of the integration of the country into European Union. Indeed the aim of law, is to provide a more effective, efficient and a closer local government to the citizens, introducing in this way the European concept of good administration. In this paper we intend to treat the promotion of citizen's participation in the decision-making process, as one the key elements of the good administration. Hence we will analyse if the citizens are involved to the decision-making process in local government, after three years of the implementation of the law. Thus, through the comparative methodology between the old and new legislation on local government, we will highlight what are concrete innovations, in terms of inclusion of citizens in the decision-making, in order to know what to expect from the law. Moreover, through the examination of the recent studies, we will try to figure out, how the most important municipalities in Albania such as Tirana and Durrës, are including the citizens in the decision-making processs. In addition we will look through the public hearings, as a tool of citizen's participation in the decision-making process, by analysing the published minutes at the municipalities' website. Therefore the results will induce to a comprehensive panorama of good administration at local government in Albania, in terms of citizens' participation to the decision-making process. Such outcomes will lead to some recommendations for future improvement which are addressed to the public administrators and to the legislators as well. Keywords: good administration; self-government; local government; Albania
- The Integrative Process of the European Union from the Perspective of Intra-Community Secessionist Movements
The prospect of a fully integrated European Union and, equally, symmetrically developed from an economic point of view, is an ideal desiderate that will go through a long and totally uncertain course. If the accession of the states and the establishment of the European Union as a supranational state materialized in one way or another, the process of integration of these states is altogether different. This cultural and economic diversity must go through a broad interconnection and interdisciplinary process, a process that will take place according to the natural or artificial managers involved in this integrative construction. The natural factors are constituted from the empathy of nations to such a process and the artificial factors are characterized by community instruments developed for implementation throughout the European community. In this paper, we intend to give a point of view on the complexity of the European integration process of the Member States and also to address this process from the point of view of the secessionist movements, that have lately become very visible, from our perspective with very serious consequences on the stability and development of the Community framework. Even if the vast majority of secessionist formations are of a small size, their distribution throughout the European space makes this phenomenon a substantial one in the EU integration and development process. Keywords: secessionist movements; European Union; European Community; Intra Community
- Scientific Orientation and Information about the Career
The present paper aims to present the way of assessing the opinions of the pupils in the terminal classes, which regarding the choosing the educational or professional route and substantiating the support measures in the analysis of the alternatives available to them. The method used in this research is the investigation based on the questionnaire. This is a qualitative approach in order to identify the students' school and professional orientation. The educational assessment that is supposed to be done in this study seeks to counsel and guide these students in order to make appropriate choices in choosing of the educational/professional paths by the investigated students. In this research, an opinion poll has been applied to the pupils in the terminal classes, which allows an overview of the school and professional orientation of these pupils. The evaluation and interpretation of the answers lead to highlighting of the school options that certify the personal interests of each student in relation with the choice of the educational/professional path. The study provides an opportunity for the school units to obtain information about the training and interests of the students. Depending on the analysis of the results obtained in terms of the opinion questionnaire, the school units must ensure the stimulation and valorization of the cognitive, aptitude and creativity potential necessary for the increase of the pupils' school performances. This study highlights the real need for a better correlation of the educational offer in the vocational and technical education with the students' aspirations and the labor market requirements. Keywords: school options; professional orientation; students' aspirations; educational guidance
- Verification of Data Resulting from Technical Surveillance by the Court
The present analysis aims to highlight the different methods of verification of the data obtained by judicial bodies through technical surveillance methods provided by the Criminal Procedure Code. Although the current legislative framework as interpreted by the Constitutional Court of Romania provides specific guarantees in order to prevent using forged evidences in the criminal trial, we believe that the court, after the indictment, needs to verify on its own the authenticity of such means of evidence. Therefore, the doctrine and the recent jurisprudence of national courts stated in this context the need for an independent expertise that can analyze the data obtained through technical surveillance in order to be used as evidence in a criminal trial. Also, the present context of the Romania legislative reform and the context in which several cooperation protocol between criminal investigation bodies and Romanian Intelligence Service were declassified, led to a stringent need for such an expertise. We tend to believe that without an independent expert that can assess whether the recordings are authentic or not, the court cannot in good faith decide to convict a person. Present paper is of interest to any law practitioner as it tries to highlight in a concise manner both the framework for such an expertise and the means to obtain it. Keywords: technical surveillance; expertise; criminal trial
- Political Parties Attitude, Voter Trust and EU Integration (Albanian Case)
This article focuses on the study of relations among political parties, their actions directed to fulfilling the EU integration political criteria and voters' trust. Under Albanian conditions, it is supposed that voters' trust is not an important/influencing factor for the Albanian political parties towards their attitude to the EU integration. The analysis is generally based on primary data of ESS, CHES, Balkan Public Barometer and empiric Albanian surveys. Albanian political parties result to be politically polarized, possess strong leaders, have conflicts among them (even resulting in parliament boycotts), etc. The voters' trust in political parties per se is in low level. The factors taken into consideration tend mostly to explain the thesis confirmation. Consequently, the voter trust into political parties' fallout to be a determinant for the political party's action and attitude, toward the European Integration. Although it is a factor of slowing down the level of belief of the Albanian citizens that Albania will enter the EU soon, resulting not so positive for this country to integrate in a bigger politically and economically government. Keywords: Political Parties; Voter Trust; EU Integration
- The Autonomy of Cults and the Unassignable Character of the Goods Legally Owned by the Cults
The fact that the private property is one of the fundamental landmarks of mankind cannot be denied, as any physical or juridical entity can coordinate its activities without taking into account its relation to the goods, neither can it function in the absence of the right to property. The juridical relationship between the goods and the way they became the property of the churches by getting into their heritage represents an issue more and more analyzed within the field of the right to property. Although, at first sight, the juridical condition that we mentioned should not raise any difficulty of interpretation and putting into practice, especially within the context where the institution of property also benefits of a new civil approach, the way go36ods become the property of the churches is contested within the context of existence of certain opposite provisions that derogate from the norms of the essential civil right. We shall analyses certain statutory and legal provisions that impact only the ecclesiastic field by putting them into relation to the constitutional principles and those of the civil right that regard the right to property. Moreover, the issue was also presented to the court as an exception of no constitutionality. By intending to identify the characteristics of the laws that we mentioned above, we shall analyses and correlate the situations generated by their interpretation, by also expressing a personal point of view regarding the necessity of the harmonization of the civil law with the canonical law. Keywords: goods; different rights of property ownership; action to claim the right to property; heritage; Church
- Legal Relationships between Public Service Operators, Users and Third Parties
In this article, we analyse the legal nature of the relations between the local public administration authorities or, as the case may be, between the intercommunity developments associations with the purpose of public utilities and users. Law no. 51/2006 on community services of public utilities establishes that they are subject to legal norms of public or private law, as the case may be. Therefore, the objectives of this paper are to identify the two categories of legal norms applicable to public utilities in the Community, as well as the modalities for regulating legal relations between public utility operators and users of these services, based on the analysis of legal texts, doctrine and jurisprudence. Keywords: public services; users; legal relations; public service contract
- Corporate Governance - Enterprise Performance Assessment Tool
Within an enterprise, whether public or private, there are interests between managers and partners: shareholders, creditors, employees, suppliers, customers etc. It is imperative that these interests be harmonized because the company's performance is significantly influenced by the form of...
- International Protection Regulations in the European Union
The refugee crisis has called attention to the weaknesses of the Common European Asylum System. The EU needs a reformed asylum system that would be effective and provide protection, based on common rules, on solidarity and on fair sharing of responsibilities. The reforms proposed by the European...
- The Analyze of the Link between Minimizing Production Costs and Maximizing Profits
The article examines the link between minimizing production costs and maximizing profits. We will analyze the phenomenon of demographics and poverty for developing countries and regions of the World for developing countries and regions of the World for each of the developing countries or regions of ...
- The Role and Impact of Migration and Euroscepticism in Promoting 'Multi-Speed' Europe
The year 2017 was designed at the level of European public opinion as the crucial moment for the evolution of the European Union. Scenarios and speculation have sprouted European media channels, creating a state of tension within the Member States. Today, the European Union resembles with the "...
- New Tools for Spatial Intelligence Education: the X-Colony Knowledge Discovery Kit
This study introduces a new framework for developing spatial education programs based on a geometric language and manipulation of ensembles of polyhedra, called X-Colony Knowledge Discovery Kit (KDK). The KDK main goals are to develop spatial intelligence, creativity, strategic planning,...
- Forms of Pamphlet Discourse in the Romanian Media during the Interwar Period
The interwar period is characterized by a veritable explosion of pamphlet, not only in the journalistic or literary texts, but also in the theoretical concerns. Approached by many journalists, as well as important representatives of literature, the pamphlet has undergone true theoretical debates...
- The Duality of Categories of Persons for Whom Civil Liability Is Involved. Aspects of Civil Law and Family Law
Objectives: In this study, we have analyzed the continuity of an old concern, a brief aspect of the broad issue of parental liability for the deed of a juvenile or a minor under court interdiction. Prior Work: From the analysis of art. 1372 of the Civil Code the scope of this type of liability is...
- Efficiency in Economical Approach of Work Place Security in an Industrial Plant
In this paper we made a research viewing the economically approach on main work place and their specific problems in an industrial plant. It shall also take into account aspects concerning the security of work place elements, in the context require of Europe Union. Is highlighted the scientific...
- Social communication between Traditional and the New Mass-Media
The means of communication, from the most simple and natural ones - such as gestures and voice, to the most complex and developed ones - such as the new electronic media, have constantly brought changes to the society, their own transformation being due to the social environment that generated them....
- Theoretical and Practical Considerations on the Execution of the Leasing Contract in Romania
Leasing contract: the present study was made with the scope to underline the ambiguity and the controversies between the national laws and the international norms which govern this type of contract, which is so widely used in economically developed countries. The leasing contract is not a contract...