- Danubius University of Galati
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- International Protection Regulations in the European Union
The refugee crisis has called attention to the weaknesses of the Common European Asylum System. The EU needs a reformed asylum system that would be effective and provide protection, based on common rules, on solidarity and on fair sharing of responsibilities. The reforms proposed by the European Commission that we have analysed in this article will guarantee that people who are evidently in need of international protection will have quick access to it, but also that those who are not entitled to enjoy protection in the EU can be quickly returned. What is proposed at EU level is the final element of a global reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS). So as to better meet the new challenges of migration, action must be taken on several fronts: external borders must be managed more effectively, we should cooperate better with third parties and, above all, illegal crossing must be stopped, relocating migrants to first asylum countries on EU territory. The proposals for reforming the CEAS, initiated by the European Commission and which are currently being negotiated, are elements that help make important steps in the right direction so as to create at the European level the structures and tools needed for a comprehensive system, which would be able to deal with future challenges
- Comparative Analysis of Personal Income Taxation
This paper presents a comparative analysis of personal income taxation in different countries. This is an important component of fiscal policy and directly influences the budget revenues. Over time there have been several taxation systems, and today they differ from state to state. The statistics contain detailed information on income tax on individuals and their income, including gender, age, income and source of income. This work shows how the income distribution of individual taxpayers has changed over time, as well as the differences and similarities of personal income taxation in the different countries
- Private Companies in Romania - A Strategic Organizational Communication Outlook
The objective of this study is to examine the strategic organizational communication performed by the private companies from Romania in their annual reports published in 2014, 2015 and 2016. Following the studies performed by Rutherford (2005), Beattie, Dhanani, Jones (2008), Ditlevsen (2010), Breeze (2013), Stanton (2017), we are analysing the structure as well as the content of the annual reports. Findings of the study show the total and average number of pages per annual report, the total and average numbers of words per annual report, the most frequently used words in the twelve published annual reports by the four considered companies. Through content analysis, the communication related to the diversity of employees' nationalities as well as the employees' gender have been assessed, concluding that the four private companies make known in their annual reports this type of information. Study of strategic organizational communication provide significant information to the academics as well as to the organizations
- European Union and the Need to Stand up for the Universality of Human Rights in the Context of Migration
Europe, embodied by the European construction, was always seen as the land of unity, the land where people are equal and their fundamental rights are guaranteed and protected. After two world wars when it has been proven that human life and human dignity could be at someone's discretion, the European leaders, hand in hand with all the leaders of the world, inspired from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, stood for universality of human rights making them a corner stone for Europe. But the last years, from this new century, marked by severe economic and social crisis, than the starting of the Syrian war, demonstrated that there are still many gaps that have to be fulfilled and the European project, actually, the European Union, is weaker and weaker, the distance between citizens and their leaders grows, and a strong crisis of authority is going on. Much more, the migration than began after the Syrian war proved that human rights are not yet so well defended as the European and non European citizens believed and a lot of measures and strategies have to be the main preoccupation for all the institutional and policies of the EU. Thus, this article deals with the main provisions of the European Agenda for Migration and the way the leaders succeeded, more or less, to apply it in order that universality of human rights to be respected and put it in the center of their politics
- The Correlation between State Aids and Competitiveness
This paper aims to establish the correlation between state aids received by companies and competitiveness, because an enterprise which receives a subsidy provided by a government has an advantage over other firms and competition may be distorted. State aid is an advantage conferred by national public authorities under certain conditions and for certain areas of activity. The E.U. rules for state aids are ensuring applied equally by European Commission, so state aids can be applied after approval by the Commission. But in some circumstances government interventions are necessary for an equitable economy. Measures of state aids can be implemented only if were approved by the European Commission
- When the 'Weaker Sex' became the 'Beauty symbol' - The Feminine Beauty in the Romanian Interwar Press
Among the important changes brought about by the early years of the interwar period in the life of the woman was the fact that she, the woman, was no longer regarded as the "weak" half of man, as it had been before, but the "beautiful" half. Another feature of the interwar era is that beauty is no longer old. The desire of the interwar woman, regardless of her social status or her age, of being always beautiful was explained by the fact that a beautiful woman was easier to find a job or get into the business world. For some journalists, lipstick and last fashion clothes were specific to women of mild morals. Most of the texts used for this paper were published in the years between the two world wars
- Aspects on Involvement of Citizens in the Decision-Making Process of the European Institutions
This work presents outline relevant issues concerning the real involvement of citizens in the decision-making process of the European institutions as well as the control exercised by the European Ombudsman. Institutional development of the EU, increasing the level of integration and awareness of the European identity strengthened significantly by the introduction of European citizenship by the Maastricht Treaty of 1993 have prompted both the European institutions and the European political environment the need to involve European citizens in making decision and creating the premises for a well-defined decisional transparency. The establishment of the European Ombudsman, a body with the role of investigating complaints by citizens of Member States or residents of the European Union or by associations and undertakings based in the European Union for maladministration by the institutions and bodies of the European Union, in addition to the fact that it is interested in the citizen's perception of the administrative decisions taken by the European institutions and gives the citizens of the Member States the possibility of exercising control over these decisions, regardless of whether these decisions have an economic or political impact on the citizens
- A Contested Politician, a Great Venerated Economist - Mihail Manoilescu
There are many attempts of arguing the mutual profitable character of the international exchanges from the part of authors for the classical theories of the international trade. Despite these trials, this intercession was not achieved and also aroused criticisms. The aim of this paper is that of analysing the original contribution of the great Romanian scientist M. Manoilescu to the economic theory of international trade. There were used both quantitative and qualitative methods, together with historical introspective in order to capture the research evidence. The implications of this study could be upon the academics, researchers, and also students interested in the economic theory and its applicability in practice. A reference demarche in approaching the unfair exchange succeeded Mihail Manoilescu - the first great Romanian economist. Together with him, our country comes into the universal Pantheon of the economical science, even if it could be considered of the entire "Agrarian East". He sustained its interests, having various contributions to the economical theory, even if the most representative is the study of the problems of international trade. The illustrious Romanian economist intuited that behind this criticism there are consciously or unconsciously covered deeper reasons
- Sex Education is considered a Taboo Subject in Schools from Romania
Sex education is considered a taboo subject nowadays. Parents are mostly embarrassed to talk with their children about this topic, couples are embarrassed to talk to each other, parents even more, feel embarrassed when it comes to sex education of children. If this is the situation, I would believe that it is the communist legacy de, because in that period we can say that sexual relationships beyond marriage were violently challenged, sex education was reduced to encouraging abstinence, and there was no sexual connotation in mass media
- Methodological Aspects Concerning the Crime Scene Investigation in Case of Crimes against the Regime of Arms and Ammunition
Regarding the methodological aspects in cases of crimes against the regime of arms and munitions, one of the most important forensic activity is the crime scene investigation. This forensic activity needs a major and careful attention within the activities that needs to be followed in a case of unauthorized use of guns and munitions. We have also analyzed in the present study the categories and the importance of the clues and evidences discovered at the crime scene, the interpretation in order to determine the nature and the circumstances in which the act was committed
- The Roots and Implications of Rising the Right Wing in Europe
During the last few years, extremist right-wing parties in European countries have found considerable popularity. In comparison with the past, they have achieved more seats in the European Parliament. Meanwhile, their slogans and policies are reminiscent of fascist ideals in the first half of the...
- The Role and Impact of Migration and Euroscepticism in Promoting 'Multi-Speed' Europe
The year 2017 was designed at the level of European public opinion as the crucial moment for the evolution of the European Union. Scenarios and speculation have sprouted European media channels, creating a state of tension within the Member States. Today, the European Union resembles with the "...
- International Protection Regulations in the European Union
The refugee crisis has called attention to the weaknesses of the Common European Asylum System. The EU needs a reformed asylum system that would be effective and provide protection, based on common rules, on solidarity and on fair sharing of responsibilities. The reforms proposed by the European...
- Comparative Analysis of Personal Income Taxation
This paper presents a comparative analysis of personal income taxation in different countries. This is an important component of fiscal policy and directly influences the budget revenues. Over time there have been several taxation systems, and today they differ from state to state. The statistics...
- The Reform of the Public Administration and of the Socio-Economic System Within the Association Process of the Republic of Moldova to the European Union: Theoretical and Practical Aspects; Problems; Solutions
Pseudo-reforms of the public administration and of the social-economic system in Moldova conducted to deprivation of the legal and operational capacities of the state institutions to react at the increasing level of corruption in the country. More than that, these conditions provided a stimulus for ...
- Theoretical and Practical Foundations on the People with Disabilities Labor Law in Romania
Labor law is one of the most important issues of law both national and international level. In this study we will examine the area of labor law and social security labor law by profiling the study of this field in the segment of socio- professional protection and integration of people with...
- The Protection Granted to Refugees in Romania
In this study we will extract from the norms referring to refugee status the types of protection that can be granted to an asylum seeker in Romania and the necessary conditions for obtaining them. We will also analyze the forms of protection in order to understand in detail the differences between...
- The Execution of Criminal Fine Penalty
This paper aims at dissecting the criminal provisions on criminal enforcement of fines in current Romanian criminal law with the goal of highlighting the new penal policy stated in the larger field of criminal penalties. In the new Criminal Code the fine penalty experience a new regulation, but...
- Equity - Connotations in the Current Romanian Legal System
The underlying principle of the law, and a source of law - equity - has been expressly or explicitly integrated in the judicial development of law, with a view to giving a meaning to the law, for which reason it is aimed at peacefully solving or preventing the social disputes in society. Therefore, ...
- Creation, Identity and Reflection
The paper "Creation, Identity and Reflection" approaches the identification in the "mirror" of reality with creation, in other words seeking the authors’ identity in the reflected images. Reflection means attempting to find oneself, the mirror being the main principle of...