- Danubius University of Galati
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- Some Case Studies Regarding the Application of the Principle of Legal Security in the Jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court of Romania
The term legal security, in a doctrinal interpretation, evokes specialist common terms, thus: the retroactivity of the law, the appearance of legality, the appearance of the law, the applicability of the law, the predictability of the law, the legality of incrimination and penalty, legislative inflation, legal acculturation or even the obscurity of the texts of legal rules. A basic feature of the principle of legal security is that the existing legal rules must be predictable, known and understood and that the corresponding legal solutions remain relatively stable and unequivocal. Clarity and sobriety of the legal rule requires that that the text of the law must be formulated clearly, soberly, fluently and intelligibly without syntactical difficulties and obscure or ambiguous passages, and the shape and the aesthetics of expression must not prejudice the legal style, precision and clarity of the provisions of the legal rule. Another essential characteristic of the principle of legal security is that the existing legal rules must be predictable, known and understood and that the corresponding legal solutions remain relatively stable and unambiguous
- The Bioeconomic Strategy of Romania in the Context of a Major Global Crisis
In the 21st century, priorities regarding the future of Planet Earth will wear a completely differentmask. Mankind is becoming increasingly concerned in the preservation of natural resources for thedevelopment of a new civilisation, with acknowledging the real possibilities of recovery regarding themultifarious range of resources in use. We are discussing resources of strict survival such as water, air, accessto modern forms of energy, last but not least soil – all in order to preserve favourable environmentalconditions. Bioeconomic development and world consumption must quickly abandon the unwarranted, allencompassinglevels of ambition concerning resources, and must contain only the levels of sufficiency.(Brown, 2000, pp. 27-29). Bioeconomic development of the New Earth must be accepted by the future onlyin terms of sustainable parameters – a harshly necessary attitude in Romania, consistent with worldwideefforts. (Brown, Larsen, & Fischlowitz- Robert, 2002, pp. 19-22). These major determinants will build arobust bioeconomy of Romania – as an important element of security in case of a worldwide crisis
- Drug Advertisements across Cultures
The present paper intends to approach the pharmaceutical text as a genre of medical discourse, focusing especially on the translation of Drug Advertisements (DA).The aim of this paper is to investigate the translation issues raised by these texts and to offer some translation strategies in order to facilitate their understanding by the non – specialist readers. One of the novelty elements of this article consists in an interdisciplinary approach of the pharmaceutical promotion texts and their analysis from different perspectives: of translation and cultural studies, of linguistics, of pragmatics and of the advertising discourse. The advertising language uses textual as well as cultural strategies in order to get the reader's attention. The understanding and the observance of the cultural values of the target audience is essential for an efficient approach to translation. Consequently, the translator needs to focus not only on the linguistic particularities of the text but also on respecting the socio-cultural differences of the target reader when interpreting the source-text. A difficult element in the translation of the pharmaceutical promotion text represents the cultural appropriateness of the sent message. The publicity of a product can be inefficient owing to the non-compliance with the socio-cultural differences in interpretation that leads to an inadequate promotion. The attempt of finding the optimum translation strategies in order to facilitate the understanding of these texts by the lay – receiver, preserving the meaning as well as the cultural atmosphere in the target text, represents another new element of this approach, given that, there are not many studies in the field literature that focus on this topic
- Waste Management in Gala?i County
Galați County has begun the implementation of the circular economy through the major wastemanagement project submitted for funding to the European Commission. The paper presents as a case studythis project, financed through the Operational Program for Large Infrastructure, in which the circular economyis introduced and implemented as a concept. The project will implement an integrated waste managementsystem in Galați County, which will have a significant positive impact on the environment, human health andquality of life, especially in terms of reducing surface water, soil and groundwater contamination, reducing airpollution, reduced climate impact, reduced hazards for the general public and improved quality of life
- Aspects Regarding the Legality of Search Warrants Obtained Based on the Recordings Conducted with the Logistics of the Romanian Intelligence Service
The search warrants that were obtained based on the recordings taped with the logistics of the Romanian Intelligence Service are struck by nullity. This statement comes in the context in which the interception authorizations were enforced by a non-competent criminal investigation bodies, an aspect which is struck by nullity. Taking into account that the search warrants were granted exclusively on the basis of audio recordings obtained with the logistics and support of the Romanian Intelligence Service, the derivative proofs are to be excluded if they were obtained indirectly from illegal evidence. According to the Romanian Criminal Procedure Code, the recordings are to be conducted by the public attorney or the criminal investigation body. The Romanian Intelligence Service is an institution without judiciary attributions, with a secret identity. According to the Romanian Constitutional Court's Decision number 22/2018, if the surveillance recordings are obtained with the support of the Romanian Intelligence Service, this evidence is to be physically eliminated from the case's files in order to effectively guarantee the presumption of innocence and the right to a fair trial
- Covid-19 Crisis ? a wake-up call for Romanian Higher Education System
The Covid-19 pandemic has had a tremendous impact on the life of people from around the worldin almost every way. We are taking this situation very seriously and we acknowledge and fully support thevarious travel and public gathering restrictions to help slow down the spread of the virus. The purpose of thisstudy is to provide the most suitable solutions for Romanian Higher Education System in order to tackle thisglobal crisis. Current knowledge states the importance of e-learning activities in providing educationalservices all over the world. In light of these new circumstances, we feel obligated to let our academic networkknow how we are addressing this challenge while continuing to support all of our professors, students, staff,with the aim of maximizing the safety of our community at large. To ensure the safety of peoples, some ofour academic activities are held in an interactive, live online setting, thanks to the possibility of using our elearningplatform: Danubius Online. Secondly, all community collaboration activities were moved in on-line,in order to avoid any possible health risk regarding the Covid-19 outbreak. This paper aims to represent areflection on current academia reality, as the coronavirus situation evolves, because the COVID-19 crisismoves faster than decision-makers, and under these circumstances, re-thinking Higher Education Systembecomes a priority
- The Psychanalitical Approach of Personality
Sigmund Freud considers that personality comprises three major subsystems that interact and control human behavior: the self, the self, the superhuman. S. Freud detected a series of consistent themes that were nothing but expressions of unconscious fears or desires, themes similar to those seen in the analysis of dreams or childhood memories. Sigmund Freud, as he is well known, placed great importance on becoming the personality of the first years of his life. Mostly, he spoke about the fact that the first five years of life are those responsible for establishing the psycho-behavioral base and for constituting the individual unconscious. Freud, at the time, did not enjoy a special collaboration with those in his professional guild. This was also due to the fact that, due to its histrionic structure, it did not accept any opinions from colleagues or disciples. On the other hand, it has restructured its conception of personality, but as some specialists show, also within the same dogmatism
- Diplomatic, Military and Economic Actions of Romania for the Purpose of Exiting the United Nations War
Romania's entry into war with Germany on June 22nd, 1941, would come after two years ofneutrality and non-belligerence, time when the Romanian external policy direction would be pro-German.The years 1943 - 1944 marked the turning point of the war development, the United Nations succeedingin taking the strategic initiative to the detriment of Nazi Germany and its satellites. The political andmilitary disaster that Romania was facing would require the reorientation of its external policy, aiming atbringing the country out of the war as quickly as possible and signing the armistice (Baciu, 1996, pp. 103-104; Onişoru, 1996, pp. 49-50). The considerable deterioration of the military situation on the EasternFront, would contribute to the achievement of the "united opposition", seeking, to obtain conditions asfavorable as possible for Romania, for signing the armistice. The diplomatic action of the oppositionbenefited from the support of King Mihai, but the peace signing initiatives were carried out simultaneouslyalso by the Bucharest regime, which, through direct negotiations with the Allies, pursued the samepolitical goals
- Considerations Regarding the Validity of the Prosecutor's Procedural Documents Appropriated through the Application of a Stamp Containing his Signature
The absence of the prosecutor when his participation is compulsory is sanctioned with the absolute nullity of all the procedural acts conducted without his involvement. In a criminal case where the ex officio notification report, the prosecutor's ordinances for the beginning of the criminal investigaton, of extending the criminal investigation do not contain the prosecutor's holograph signature, the court cannot verify if these procedural acts were truly issued by the prosecutor mentioned in them. The holograph signature applied by the prosecutor on the original procedural acts is the only method of guaranteeing that the procedure and content of these acts were assumed by the public attorney. The application of a stamp that reproduces the prosecutor's signature is an indirect and mechanical method of signing that brings the absolute nullity of the procedural act brought by the public attorney's absence in the supposed issuing of the document. This indirect method of "signing" does not allow to ascertain that the prosecutor has signed the procedural act, because a stamp can be applied by anyone
- The Global Pact for the Environment- a Necessity and One of the Answers to the Worldwide Environmental Crisis-Where to?
At the UN Summit in New York on 19 September 2017, the French President announced all the representatives of the world States that he wanted to establish, under the aegis of the UN, what would be not just a design project, but a global pact for the environment, therefore a new instrument of international environmental law, whose goal would be supplementing the international environmental law, enhancing the coherence thereof and enabling the implementation of the obligations set forth in such law, which may take the form of an international treaty adopted by the General Assembly. The initiative belongs to the Club des juristes and aims to collect in a single text the great international principles of environmental law and make them binding, due to the possibility of enforcing them in courts of law. This text could become the backbone of international environmental law
- The Analyze of the Link between Minimizing Production Costs and Maximizing Profits
The article examines the link between minimizing production costs and maximizing profits. We will analyze the phenomenon of demographics and poverty for developing countries and regions of the World for developing countries and regions of the World for each of the developing countries or regions of ...
- The Protection Granted to Refugees in Romania
In this study we will extract from the norms referring to refugee status the types of protection that can be granted to an asylum seeker in Romania and the necessary conditions for obtaining them. We will also analyze the forms of protection in order to understand in detail the differences between...
- Comparative Analysis of Personal Income Taxation
This paper presents a comparative analysis of personal income taxation in different countries. This is an important component of fiscal policy and directly influences the budget revenues. Over time there have been several taxation systems, and today they differ from state to state. The statistics...
- Aspects on Involvement of Citizens in the Decision-Making Process of the European Institutions
This work presents outline relevant issues concerning the real involvement of citizens in the decision-making process of the European institutions as well as the control exercised by the European Ombudsman. Institutional development of the EU, increasing the level of integration and awareness of...
- The Transfer Of Sentenced Persons Held In Third Countries, In Order To Serve The Sentence Or The Measure Of Deprivation Of Liberty In A Penitentiary Or A Medical Unit In Romania. Critical Observations
In the current study we have examined the institution Sentenced Persons Held in Third Countries, in order to serve the sentence or the measure of deprivation of liberty in a penitentiary or a medical unit in Romania, focusing on the recognition of the foreign judgment by the competent courts in...
- A Methodological Blueprint for Social Sciences Research ? The Social Sciences Research Methodology Framework
Most research practice constructs in social sciences are predominantly well defined and constructed, yet many authors hold different interpretations of certain key terms and concepts, causing a degree of confusion, overlap and uncertainty. The term ‘qualitative research' is such a case in point....
- The Role and Impact of Migration and Euroscepticism in Promoting 'Multi-Speed' Europe
The year 2017 was designed at the level of European public opinion as the crucial moment for the evolution of the European Union. Scenarios and speculation have sprouted European media channels, creating a state of tension within the Member States. Today, the European Union resembles with the "Europ...
- European Citizenship between Past and Future
The European Union, an organization built on the ruins of the Second World War the desire to curb the war on the continent once and for all, was doomed from the beginning to end in one day political contours, so Europe is now united policy at the core of the future of Europe. This aspiration has...
- Capital Market Integration. New Challenges in an Enlarged Europe
The purpose of this paper is to analyse the linkages between Emerging European stock markets and the developed ones, in relatively stable times that followed the global economic crisis. One of the main reasons that served as an argument in studying stock market integration relies in the prior...
- Digital Media - a university specialization imposed by the new communicational realities
In 2015 the Department of Journalism / FSPAC / Babes Bolyai proposed the introducing of the Digital Media specialization in the Classification of Occupations in Romania (COR), in total agreement with the European Qualifications Framework. The specialization was nationally certified in line with the ...