The Psychanalitical Approach of Personality

Author:Neaga Susanu
Position:Senior Lecturer, PhD, Faculty of Comunication and International Relationas, Specialization Psychology, 'Danubius' University of Gala?i, Romania
Pages:341-349
ISSN: 2067 9211 New Trends in Psychology
341
The Psychanalitical Approach of Personality
Neaga Susanu1
Abstract: Sigmund Freud considers that personality comprises three major subsystems that interact and
control human behavior: the self, the self, the superhuman. S. Freud detected a series of consistent themes
that were nothing but expressions of unconscious fears or desires, themes similar to those seen in the analysis
of dreams or childhood memories. Sigmund F reud, as he is well known, placed great importance on
becoming the personality of the first years of his life. Mostl y, he spoke about the fact that the first five years
of life are those responsible for establishing the psycho-behavioral base and for constituting the individual
unconscious. Freud, at the time, did not enjoy a special collaboration with those in his professional guild. This
was also due to the fact that, due to its histrionic structure, it d id not accept any opinions from colleagues or
disciples. On the other hand, it has restructured its conception of personality, but as some specialists show,
also within the same dogmatism.
Keywords: personality; psychoanalytic; psychic processes; dynamics; development; stages; characteristic
traits
Introduction
Founder of psychoanalytic theory, Sigmund Freud is one of the leading figures of the last century.
Whatever its decline as a scientific theory, the psychoanalytic view of personality remains the most
comprehensive and influential personality theory of all time. Its impact has exceeded the limits of
psychology, influencing the social sciences, humanities, art and society in general. Even if in
contemporary psychology the psychoanalytic theory no longer has the same central role that it had 40
or 50 years ago, many of its ideas have been included in the fundamental current of psychological
thinking. Even parents who have done nothing but raise their child by following the advice given by
psychiatrist Benjamin Spock in his famous work Baby and Child Care are much closer to a Freudian
psychologist than he thinks. S. Freud started his activity as a neurologist, treating patients with
different “nervous” disorders through conventional medical procedures, since they were not always
helpful, he also used the technique of hypnosis, but later abandoned this direction, in finally, he
developed the method of free association, in which the patient is told to express all the ideas that come
to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing they may be.
1 Senior Lecturer, PhD, Faculty of Comunication and International Relationas, Specialization Psychology, “Danubius”
University of Galați, Romania, Addres: 3 Galați Boulevard, 800654 Galați, Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, Fax:
+40.372.361.290, Corresponding autor: neli_susanu@univ-danubius.ro.

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