European Conservatism as a Present Political Ideology

Author:Ionut Stefan, Sergiu Pirju
Pages:686-697
SUMMARY

The historical beginnings of conservative ideology were felt during the Revolution in France and the next decades that followed this event reference of modernity. The conservative thinking has evolved in the nineteenth century and in the early part of the twentieth century, it has experienced major changes in civilization and has known phenomena of crisis, identity and solutions, crisis that has... (see full summary)

 
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Globalization and Cultural Diversity
686
European Conservatism as a Present Political Ideology
Ionuţ Ştefan1, Sergiu Pîrju2
Abstract: The histo rical beginnings of conservative ideology were felt during the Revolution in France and
the next decades that followed this event reference of modernity. The conservative thinking has evolved in
the nineteenth century and in the early part of the twentieth century, it has experienced major changes in
civilization and has known phenomena of crisis, identity and solutions, crisis that has exceeded it during the
second of the last century, when it was restructured as neo-conservatism. Without having a single and
concrete definition, conservatism has always represented all those who declare themselves political partisans
to any social system, is concerned to ensure the continuity of social and political o rder, historically
legitimated and strive to reject revolutions that would, inevitably, change it. The conservatism peculiarity was
highlighted by rejecting the ideological organization o f any systematization form of its ideas, because society
can b e organized by appealing to programs and theories. Conservatism is the political and social doctrine
which rend ers the system a conservative spirit, focused on the ideal of social order and stability. Modern
conservatism, located at the right of lib eralism, was and shall remain the doctrinal and ideological opponent
of all systems of ideas th at are situated on the scale policy guidelines on its left. While tradition is
indispensable for the existence of conservatism, it was forced to adapt to modern requirements and to
modernize itself over time, maintaining however the main features that characterizes it.
Keywords: conservatism; political doctrine; European construction; tradition
1. The Definition of Conservatism
  
 -century French
vocabulary and then in the Romanian one, known because penetrates in Romanian through the French
branch.3 The conservatism is considered both a political vision as well as a way of being, an ideology

is not intended as denial, but the af4 .Thus the conservatism is
one of three significant political ideologies in the last two centuries Occident, along with liberalism
and socialism.   = image and
       The ideology is a wealth of
1   y of Galati, Facult y of Communication and International Relation s, Address:
Galati, 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654 Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, E-mail:
ionut.stefan@univ-danubius.ro.
2   y of Galati, Facult y of Communication and International Relation s, Address:
Galati, 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654 Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author:
pirjusergiu@univ-danubius.ro.
3http://filosofiepolitica.wordpress.com/elemente-de-doctrina/partidul-conservator/istoria-partidului-conservator/.
4http://facultate.regielive.ro/cursuri/stiinte-politice/conservatorismul-istorie-universala-1952.html.

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