The Briand Plan of European Union Commented by the Interwar Romanian Press

AuthorFanel Teodorascu
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2016
Interdisciplinary Dimensions of Communication Science
The Briand Plan of European Union Commented by the Interwar
Romanian Press
Fanel Teodorascu1
Abstract: With each passing day, the construction called the European Union presents increasingly clear
signs of disease. Something is not working and it is likely not to work anymore. For this reason, more and
more resounding voices announce the decline of Europe. The Greek crisis, the Ukrainian crisis, the refugee
crisis are just some of the issues that shows that countries that make up the European family (28 countries)
find it difficult to act as a whole. After the completion of the Second World War, Romania did not matter in
any way in achieving the European family plans, entering in the sphere of influence of the Soviet Union.
Things were not always this way. The plans for a federal state comprising the European countries have existed
before the interwar period, as we shall see below. The years between the two world wars were marked by
political debates on this theme, which have not been seen before.
Keywords: federalization; speech; press; crisis; European Union
1. Introduction
In Romania, the interest for this topic was as high as in any other European country that emerged from
war with some territorial gains and unwilling outbreak of a new world cataclysm. It is understood that
the Romanian state people have addressed the issue of uniting the European states into speeches both
at home and abroad. What interests us, however, is how the theme “federalization of Europe” was
analyzed in the interwar media.
European Union as it stands today has as its starting point year 1951, when it was created the
European Community of Coal and Steel (ECSC). Until reaching to this point, the European political
leaders had to go through a long and arduous path. Among those who supported the idea of a united
Europe was the French statesman Aristide Briand. His plan was, however, considered by some authors
as being inaccurate. (Judt, 2000, pp. 136-139)
Despite this “defect” of the thought plan of Aristide Briand, the Romanian journalists, more or less
skilled in such matters, reacted promptly to the idea of the emergence of a political construction that is
able to guarantee peace in Europe. Many claimed the idea of building a European federal state,
showing that this is the only way it can be achieved an economic balance between the European
countries. There were, of course, and challengers of the idea that, at that time, that the federalization of
1 S enior Lecturer, PhD, Faculty of Communication and In ternational Relations, Danubius University of Galati, Romania,
Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author: teodorascu.fanel@univ-

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