Waste Management in Gala?i County

Author:Manuela Panaitescu
Position:Senior Lecturer, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Romania
Pages:481-489
ISSN: 2067 9211 Miscellaneous
481
Waste Management in Galați County
Manuela Panaitescu1
Abstract: Galați County has begun the implementation of the circular economy through the major waste
management project submitted for funding to the European Commission. The paper presents as a case study
this project, financed through the Operational Program for Large Infrastructure, in which the circular economy
is i ntroduced and implemented as a concept. The project will i mplement an integrated waste management
system in Galați County, which will have a significant positive impact on the environment, human health and
quality of life, especially in terms of reducing surface water, soil and groundwater contamination, reducing air
pollution, reduced climate impact, reduced hazards for the general public and improved quality of life.
Keywords: Green Waste; Recycling;
JEL Classification: Q55; Q57
1. General Considerations Regarding Waste Management
The term ‘waste’ refers to the unwanted materials or substances produced by human activity which has
the potential to cause pollution when released into the environment, if causing a risk to human health,
or exceeding the environmental carrying capacity. These materials or substances could be solid, liquid,
gaseous or radioactive. However, what is considered by one industry as a waste may very well be a
useful resource for another.
The collection of waste is an important step of the waste management cycle, because the collection of
sorted waste that soon separates different kind of materials makes their reusing, recovering, and
recycling easier and more efficient, reducing the amount of landfilled waste.
According to Bosman, the process towards development of an Integrated Waste Management (IWM)
would entail the following steps (fig. 1):
a) Establish the existing status (Status Quo) with regard to waste management, and determine any
risks or impacts relating to current waste management practices;
b) Set management objectives (Desired End State) to address these identified risks and impacts,
and obtain confirmation from management, authorities and key stakeholders on the acceptability
of the management objectives;
c) Identify and evaluate waste management alternatives that could be taken to r each the
management objectives, and that will address backlogs and shortfalls. This evaluation is
conducted against a predetermined set of evaluation criteria, and includes a risk-assessment as
1 Senior Lecturer, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Faculty of Econ omic Sciences, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd.,
Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Fax. +40372361290, Corresponding author: manuelapanaitescu@univ-danubius.ro

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