The Roots and Implications of Rising the Right Wing in Europe

AuthorHadi Ajili, Yoosof Seify
International Relations in the Contemporary World. Geopolitics and Diplomacy
International Relations in the Contemporary World.
Geopolitics and Diplomacy
The Roots and Implications of Rising the Right Wing in Europe
Hadi Ajili1, Yoosof Seify2
Abstract: During the last few years, extremist right-wing parties in European countries have found considerable
popularity. In comparison with the past, they have achieved more seats in the European Parliament. Meanwhile,
their slogans and policies are reminiscent of fascist ideals in the first half of the twentieth century. Before such
seizing power, Europe was faced to the global financial crisis in 2007; the event which had considerable effects
on politics and economics in Europe, such as the emergence of reformist and protesting movements. With regard
to the consequences of the emergence of this trend in Europe on Iran's national security, its impact on the
relations between Iran and Europe in the future and the opportunities and threats that will follow, the authors of
this paper are aimed to examine the origins and consequences of this issue of power. Theoretically, the
framework of the Frankfurt school is taken into consideration in response to how fascism rose in Europe, the
financial crisis in the capitalist s ystem and the lack of sufficient strength to deal with it. Thereby, inefficiency
and insecurity in the economy lead the society to the extreme right tendencies and provides the groundwork for
the formation of fascist states. According to this theory, European governments have not been successful in
handling the economic crisis during 2007 - 2009 and the failure resulted in increased popularity of extremist
right parties. Also, as the disability of European governments in dealing and controlling the effects of the
economic crisis continues, the extrem right tendencies will obscure the future life of European Union.
Keywords: Frankfurt School; Economic Crisis; Right-wing; Europe Union
Capitalistic economy faced with various challenges in last years of the previous decade. The begging of
crisis started with intensive depression in housing market. This event rooted from incorrect policies of
loan giving according to ideas of many people. This crisis showed itself seriously in people daily lives
since 2007. Many people lost their jobs or faced with significant buying power reduction, many banks
and credit institutions bankrupted, governments incomes reduced, and countries in crisis faced with
serious challenge in economic growth.
In addition to this economic crisis, evolutions in other social fields expressed new groups and
movements or reinforced some of professional groups as a part of them. Although, the social response
to governmental policies for financial crisis in Europe after occupying Wall Street movement and later
along with it includes varied intellectual and political movements from right-wing and left-wing, the
1 Assistant Professor of International Relations, Allameh Tabataba’i University,Tehran, Iran, Address: Dehkadeh-ye-Olympic,
Teheren, Iran, corresponding author:
2 Student of PHd of Science and Research Branch (Islamic Azad University), Iran, Tehran, Address: Islamic Azad University
Arak Branch, 3km road town of Khomein, Imam Squ are Imam Khomeini , Arak, Iran, Tel.: 086 -341324513-9. E-mail:

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