• Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov. Series V Economic Sciences

Transilvania University of Brasov
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  • Are the revised Forecasts for Romania more accurate than the Preliminary ones during the Crisis?

    The research question of this study is: are the revisions of an anonymous Romanian forecaster more accurate than the initial predictions for the current year? Therefore, in order to provide a scientific response to this question, several macroeconomic variables were considered for the crisis period (2009-2013): real GDP growth, inflation rate, unemployment rate and exchange rate. The forecasts are provided for the current year in two versions: spring variant and autumn one. For 2009, the real GDP growth and unemployment rate revisions brought higher errors. Indeed, the crisis start was not precisely anticipated by the expert. For unemployment rate in each year belonging to the period 2009-2012 the revisions showed higher errors. According to predictions accuracy indicators, the forecast...

  • Ecolabels - Important Tools in Developing a Sustainable Society. A Global Perspective

    Nowadays, a large number of environmental labels are globally used. They were created and they are used so as to respond to a general aim of efficiency increase in using resources and of consumption as well as production orientation towards products and processes having a lower impact on the environment. In this respect, this paper aims at highlighting the issues existing in eco-label development, at clarifying what labels do ensure a better fulfilment of their aim, at capturing the stage in eco-label development and at proving conclusions with regard to the next directions in their further development and use.

  • Open-Source Enterprise Content Management using Workflows: An Implementation Case-Study for Higher Education Institutions

    Organizations are continuously challenged by the management of increasing amounts and varieties of digital information types and formats. In the form of a case-study, this paper presents a small part of the implementation process of an open-source Enterprise Content Management software and a workflow for routing documents within a university. The first part of the paper makes and introduction to the concepts surrounding the Enterprise Content Management software, the second part of the paper briefly presents the Business Process Management (BPM) and the third part focuses on the workflow process as part of the BPM within an organization.

  • Staff Performance Evaluation in Public Organizations

    In public Organizations staff performance is difficult to measure in absence of overall quantitative performance indicators. There are also the qualitative indicators that give an overview on staff’s motivation, strive, ability, commitment to values, teamwork. These aspects are even less easy to illustrate, in private and public sectors equally. In both cases, measuring staff performance at work, as well as its input on the global performance of the organization is a difficult task which has in practice different approaches. Subsequently, this paper is discussing the system indicators and performance triggers used in International Organizations UN affiliated, in order to adjust staff classification and benefits to their staff’s performance.

  • The Marketing Mix in the Online Environment

    The introduction of the Internet into our lives has brought many opportunities that affected also marketing. With the development of the Internet, online sales (e-sales) have become more common in every day society and in a certain extend even replaced components of the traditional environment. The Internet is a new channel of communication which brings new opportunities in marketing. Nowadays, online marketing has taken over more and more of the budgets allocated for marketing, increasingly diminishing traditional marketing in favour of online promotion activities. This paper will present how the marketing mix adapts to the online environment.

  • Features and Advantages of Using Tax Havens

    The appearance of tax havens is tied to illicit money laundering process, evolving later under various illegal forms and currently they operate under the protective umbrella of beneficial jurisdictions belonging to some political protected States worldwide. For them to be capable of functioning, special conditions to attract investors have been created. The purpose of this study is to highlight the main features of the tax havens, their operating mechanism and peculiarities of their tax laws, offshore entities regime. The article concludes on the reason of the occurrence, the existence and proliferation of tax havens, as well as legislative efforts that are submitted worldwide to eradicate them in the perspective of future global economic and financial developments.

  • Aspects Concerning the Tourism Security at Brasov Municiplaity Level

    When we speak about "safety and security in tourism" a lot of aspects should be taken into considerations. To define and to apply this concept at the regional level involves to know not only the situation in the region, but also the attitudes and the perception of the residents and tourists on safety and security. This article presents some of the conclusions of a complex study, a part of the Safer Tourist Cities Project, launched by the European Forum for Urban Security in January 201, with the co-financing of the European Commission.

  • Financial Return in the Field of Constructions: What Accounting Issues Should an Investor Know?

    The present paper focuses on the accounting, taxation and analysis of the financial statements of companies within the construction field. The first part of the paper contains some guidelines regarding construction contracts and their accounting methods with respect to the international standards and issues on construction taxation introduced starting with 2014. The second part of the paper focuses on an analysis of the financial return of five large and medium-sized construction companies operating in the city of Brasov.

  • Optimization Methods for Supply Chain Activities

    This paper approach the theme of supply chain activities for medium and large companies which run many operations and need many facilities. The first goal is to analyse the influence of optimisation methods of supply chain activities on the success rate for a business. The second goal is to compare some logistic strategies applied by companies with the same profile to see which is the most effective. The final goal is to show which is the necessity of strategic optimum for a company and how can be achieved the considering the demand uncertainty.

  • A Conceptual Framework of Consumers' Pro-environmental Attitudes and Behaviours in the Tourism Context

    The paper carries out an analysis of the literature that takes into account consumers’ pro-environmental attitudes and behaviours, with emphasis on the particular situation of the consumption of tourist services. The study of the bibliographic materials reveals the existence of significant differences between the consumers’ pro-environmental attitudes and behaviours at home and on vacation, as well as the increase in their preference for "green" hotels. Among the methods of studying the interrelationship between pro-environmental attitude and behaviour, the present paper describes the Theory of Planned Behaviour as the most commonly used one.

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