The Working Administrative Autonomies in Europe- An Overview and Schematic Comparison

Author:Cristi Iftene
Position:PhD Student, Researcher. Ovidius University, Law and Administrative Science Faculty
Pages:89-99
SUMMARY

Some authors divide the approach of the autonomy into four categories: a group compares the autonomy with the right to act discretionary in some circumstances. The right is, in this case possessed by an individual or by administrative organization. Others use the term as a synonym for independence. According to a third position autonomy is synonymous with decentralization, and a fourth opinion... (see full summary)

 
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The working administrative autonomies in Europe- An overview and
schematic comparison
Cristi IFTENE, PhD Student, Researcher
Ovidius University, Law and Administrative Science Faculty, cristiiftene@univ-ovidius.ro
Abstract. Some authors divide the approach of the autonomy into four categories: a group compares
the autonomy with the right to act discretionary in some circumstances. The right is, in this case possessed by an
individual or by administrative organization. Others use the term as a synonym for independence. According to a
third position autonomy is synonymous with decentralization, and a fourth opinion specifies that autonomous
entities are those which have exclusive powers: legislative, administrative and judicial proceedings in specific
areas. The latter is called political autonomy and it is the opposite of administrative autonomy, which is limited
to the power within the scope of the government. The hereby project seeks to answer to several questions such
as: What are the specific elements of administrative autonomy, and what are its benefits? What elements of the
institutes declared autonomous allowed demonstrating their independence? What factors contribute to the brake
down of the existence of the concept administrative autonomy? What factors have slowed down the process of
self-governance and the decision within a certain area? What types of interest groups may affect the
development of such a concept?
.
Keywords: decentralization, institutional autonomy, independence.
Introduction
Some authors divide the approach of the autonomy into four categories: a group compares the
autonomy with the right to act discretionary in some circumstances. The right is, in this case possessed
by an individual or by administrative organization. Others use the term as a synonym for
independence. According to a third position autonomy is synonymous with decentralization, and a
fourth opinion specifies that autonomous entities are those which have exclusive powers: legislative,
administrative and judicial proceedings in specific areas. The latter is called political autonomy and it
is the opposite of administrative autonomy, which is limited to the power within the scope of the
government. 1
Studying different theories and a fairly extensive casuistry, the authors mentioned above suggest a
well defined description of the autonomy. Must however be mentioned that in practice there is a great
difference between different cases; however following definition does not claim to reflect in an
identical way all these different cases. A political territorial autonomy is a way by means of which to a
group is guaranteed the liberty to express their identity, although they differ from the majority
population in a state but at the same time they represent the majority in a certain region. Autonomy is
a way of distributing the powers in order to preserve the unity of the state, while the diversity of its
population is respected: it was a success in some cases and failure in others. 2
1 Ruth Lapidoth, Autonomy, Flexible solutions to ethnic conflicts, United States Institute of Peace Press, Washington, D.C.,
1997, p. 33
2 Ruth Lapidoth, Autonomy, Flexible solutions to ethnic conflicts, United States Institute of Peace Press, Washington, D.C.,
1997, p. 3
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