The situation of Moldovan minors as victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation, Assistance and legislation concerning trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation in eu member states

Author:Maria Cristina Giannini - Laura C. Di Filippo
Position:Professor of Criminology at the University of Teramo, Faculty of Law - Professor of Criminology at the University of Teramo, Faculty of Law
Pages:87-100
LESIJ NO. XX, VOL. 1/2013
THE SITUATION OF MOLDOVAN MINORS AS VICTIMS OF
TRAFFICKING FOR SEXUAL EXPLOITATION, ASSISTANCE
AND LEGISLATION CONCERNING TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN
BEINGS FOR THE PURPOSE OF SEXUAL EXPLOITATION IN EU
MEMBER STATES
Maria Cristina GIANNINI*
Laura C. Di FILIPPO**
Abstract
The research, examines the phenomenon of trafficking of moldavan minors for sexual exploitation in
the European countries. Also, in order to realize the best prevention and contrast of the trafficking of
minors, the research underlines the necessity of harmonization of all the national legislations (up to now
27 different approaches pertaining to each EU member states) according the numerous directives
formulated and reproposed by the European authorities.
Keywords: trafficking, sexual exploitation, European legal system, national legislation
armonization, Moldovan minors trafficked; victim assistance and protection.
1. The Situation of Moldovan Minors as Victims of Trafficking for Sexual
Exploitation in the European Context.
In order to have a knowledge of trafficking in Moldovan children fo r sexual exploitation
in the whole European context (and not just in the two requested countries), we have started to
require data to all the European off icial organizations and NGOs operating in the field of human
trafficking, with the aim to elaborate them by adopting the same methodology used for the
Italian research.
The data we have obtained need serious reflection.
From a qu antitative point of view, we only got a reply from Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Estonia, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland,
Portugal, Romania, Spain and United Kingdom.
As regards a qualitative evaluation, gathered data are quite poor and disappointing, and
they have not allowed us to use the methodology applied in the Italian research.
Austria
1
* P rofessor of Criminology at the University of Teramo, Faculty of Law (e- mail: mcgiannini@unite.it).
Thisăpaperăisăpartăofăaăbroaderăresearchăproject,ă”TheătraffickingăofăMoldovanăminors”,ăResearchărealizedăină
the frame of the Project "Additional Measures to Fight Child Trafficking in Moldova" Programme EU
Grant Contract N. 2009/1556290 Itaca ONG.
** Professor of Criminology at the University of Teramo, Faculty of Law (e-mail: lcdifillipo@unite.it).
1 The organizations addressed by us in Austria are the following: Ministry for European and
International Affairs National Coordinator on Combating Human Trafficking; Federal Ministry of the
Interior/Criminal Intelligence Service Austria Central Service Combating Alien Smuggling and Trafficking
in Human Beings; Adesuwa Initiatives; Crisis centre for victims of child trafficking run by the city of
Vienna; ECPAT Austria; IBF Intervention Centre for Trafficked women; IOM Österreich (IOM); LEFÖ
Counselling Education and Support for Migrant Women; Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights.

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