European Integration - Realities and Perspectives
Legal Status of Waste
Abstract: Within states statutes designed to combat the environmental pollution through waste and hazardous
substances grow multiplied. The legal system reacts first by using known techniques and then in a progressive
manner, by creating new techniques. Environmental protection will go further and turn i nto a powerful factor
that will determine the improvement of fundamental concepts regarding environmental protection through
prevention, according to the principle “it is better to prevent than to repair environmental damage”. The
implementation of this principle is inevitable given that environmental protection has become a global
objective of the international society, resulting in a harmonizatio n of environmenta l legislation a nd
radicalization of internati onal cooperation i n en vironmental protection. Given the globalization of
environmental protection action, economic factors play an important role in the fight to safeguard the
environment, states taking measures to protect the internal environment, but also r egional and global
Keywords: Environment; waste; sustainable development; legal protection
After accession to the European Union, following the commitments assumed by Romania duri ng the
negociations of unit. 22 - Environment is very expensive: by the end of 2018 (latest year for which we
obtained the transition period for implementation of all negotiated provisions of the environmental
acquis) a need of 29.3 billion Euro was estimated.
The higher costs are needed to ensure environmental infrastructure performance, which ultimately
leads to the “recovery” of the economy of Romanian society. In the context of the existence of real
problems of environmental pollution in Romania, the partnership principle, along with the
precautionary principle, pollution prevention, sustainable use of natural resources, proximity, producer
responsibility and, especially, the “polluter-pays” principles is the foundation of all measures and
actions to be taken to protect and improve the environment in Romania.
This can be achieved only
through an active partnership between government authorities, local government, professional
associations, employers, unions, NGOs and all citizens of this country.
At the same time, all government institutions, business sector representatives and civil society and
financial institutions need to cooperate with relevant agencies and organizations, at regional and
international. We are particularly interested in speeding up the transition to a consumption and
production for a viable social and economic development of Romanian society, the rational and
efficient exploitation of natural resources.
Assistant Professor, PhD, “Ovidius” University of Constanta, The Faculty of Law a nd Administrative Sciences, Romania.
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Environmental Protection Law defines only the potential environmental risk - as the probability of adverse effects on the
environment can be prevented using a evaluation study and not the significant risk to humans, environment and materi al