The Evolution of Romanian Transport within the East European
Laura Olteanu1, Krájnik Izabella2
1University of Babes-Bolyai, Cluj Napoca, Faculty of Economic Sciences and Business
2University of Babes-Bolyai, Cluj Napoca, Faculty of Economic Sciences and Business
Abstract: Transport services can be considered as being an active part of economy in an y
country. If, until recently, they were considered to be non-productive activities, in the present
services’ activities contribute substantially to the actualization o f GDP. In present we cannot
talk abou t economic activities without taking in account transport activities, either we think
about supply, or we have in sight the capitalizatio n o f producin g material goods.
Concomitantly it is necessary to have in view both, the transport of individuals and the
transport of goods. Beside their economic ro le transports also have a social function due to the
satisfaction of individuals’ possibilities regarding their movement. The evolution of Romanian
transport within the East European transport presents a desk research, and it offers an image
about transport development in the East of Europe. Within the accomplished analysis there
will be distinguished the following: rail transport of passengers, goods’ transport by rail,
goods’ transport by road, sea transport of goods, air transport of passengers and the air
transport of goods in different East European countries, emphasizing the evolution and
development of transport in Romania compared to the evolution and development of transport
from other countries.
The development of economic activities has also determined the development of services in
general, therefore for transports also, as much as for the passenger transport, but most of all for
goods’ transports. The development of an economic activity requires a ceaseless amount of
supply, but also a capitalization of production processes. In this sense the development of
transport services was imposed as a necessity. In the present time we can talk about a variety of
transport modalities, such as road transport, rail transport, sea transport and air transport. Beside
their economic role, transports also have a social function courtesy of the satisfaction of the
possibilities of movement for individuals. Each modality of transport represents a series of
advantages and disadvantages.
Thus road transports present the advantage of the fact that they can reach areas where the rail
system hasn’t got any access to. Concomitantly their maintenance needs a reduced amount of
investments compared to other types of transportation and they can be easier to direct. The
disadvantages of them lie in the fact that they possess reduced capabilities and are efficient on
short distances. Unlike road transports, rail transports insure transports for longer distances in
shorter periods of time. However it cannot insure a direct link between the supplier and the
customer forever. River and sea transports are much cheaper than other types of transportation.
The disadvantages of these types of transport consist of the limitation of transport to certain areas
where it is possible for it to be made. Air transports are expensive, but much faster. At present, air
transports are much more appreciated for the transportation of individuals, as well as for the
transportation of goods.
The development of the Romanian transport system within the East European transport offers an
image of the development of transport in the eastern area of Europe. In this acceptation the