The Legal Status of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation
Abstract: In recent years the world has become aware that natural r esources are not inexhaustible, that many
species are threatened with extinction and that is is necessary to strive for judicious use of natural resources to
fulfill t he needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs
(principle of sustainable development). To conserve species and hab itats protected areas have been
established worldwide. The protected area is a geographically defined area, with rare natural elements and / or
endangered s pecies, regulated and managed in order to achieve specific conservation objectives. Although
ranked Europe's second in size (after the Volga River) and the 20
in the world, because of the rich landscape
and wildlife, with the birds ranked most important, the Danube D elta has a very special interest sc ientifically
as it is a natural laboratory of forming delta, tourism and economic ecosystems, through its r enewable natural
resources of which the most important resources are living aquatic resources.
Keywords: rotected area; environment; sustainable development; legal protection
Danube Delta was included in the international network of biosphere reserves in the "Man and
Biosphere" to conserve the natural areas, ecosystems representative genetic resources capable of
maintaining and expanding plants and animals endangered or threatened program. Unlike other
protected areas, a Biosphere Reserve is not exclusive for protection but has several purposes, among
which only a few: conservation of ecosystems and balanced use of renewable natural resources, the
preservation of traditional forms of economic activity, which contribute to produce ecological
imbalances, research and continuous monitoring of protected ecosystems components, harmonizing
the interests of local population with the primary purpose of Biosphere-preservation (Gâtescu, &
In this study, in order to understand the importance of protection and sustainable exploitation of
aquatic resources within a reservation - the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, we presented the
concept of protected areas, types of protected areas and Danube Delta Biosphere Reservevation's place
nationally and internationally.
We know that natural resources are subject to various anthropogenic pressures. No aquatic resource
has escaped the impact of people directly (capture) or indirectly (destroying habitats and breeding
areas by drainage, dams, etc.). We summarized the impact of activities on the Delta over time with
emphasis on the impact on natural resources.
We have paid special attention to preserving the Delta as wetland of international importance that is
part of the Ramsard (Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl
). To conserve the rich biodiversity hosted by the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, the
Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve Administration has developed (periodically) management plans that
Assistant Professor, PhD, “Ovidius” University of Constanta, The Faculty of Law a nd Administrative Sciences, Romania.
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Ratified by Romania by Law no 5/1991 published in Official Monitor, part 1, no 18/26.01.1991.