Performance and Risks in the European Economy
Arguments for Polycentricity in Romanian Regional Development in the
Context of European Union Cohesion Policy
Clipa Raluca Irina
, Clipa Flavian
, Filipeanu Dumitru
Abstract: Our study aims at analysing the monocentric/p olycentric trends in Romanian regional development
and formulating the recommendations regarding public policy for the attenuation of present development
disparities. In order to achieve this goal, we used as variables the annual GDP ra tes of each region, viewed as
representations of their development level, for the per iod of 2008-201 3, based on the data supplied by the
National Commission of Prognosis (Comisia Naional de Prognoz). As a result, we observed a regression of
growth rates directly influenced by development levels. We draw the following c onclusions: ther e is a
potential, in Romania, for reducing the existent development lag among its regional divisions, through the
emergence and sustainable development of new growth poles within poorer regions. The solution for the
attenuation of present economic disparities i s, consequently, a bala nced polycentric development at regional
level, opposed to a monocentric development. By placing our analysis at a normative level, a balanced
territorial development can be achieved by orienting public policies in two directions: the stimulation of
economic growth within slower-growing regions and the dispersion of economic growth from more
developed regions towards less developed ones, through a national redistribution process. It is important that
the principles based on 'the ability to generate income' must prevail over those based on 'i ncome
discrepancies'. Our study can constitute itself as a starting point for future r esearch on the role of
agglomerations within a possible configuration of a balanced Romanian territorial development.
Keywords: monocentric development; polycentric development; growth poles; integrated area development;
JEL Classification: R11; R58
Romania's EU integration requires the adherence to a redistributive, ambivalent, economic and social
model. A model with a social scope, in which market failures is resolved by using public policies. A
model provided with a regulation strategy that broadcasts prosperity from center to periphery, using
the available structural and cohesion funds. Romania is a cohesion country, along with other EU
member states that have regions with a GDP per inhabitant lower than 75% of the community average.
This means that all the 8 Romanian development regions are eligible to receive cohesion funds.
Romania's development is characterised by disparities among its 8 development regions. Regional
disparities (scientific literature operates with the term disparity, as well as with the terms discrepancy
and regional inequalities, taking into account the fact that inequalities become disparities when they
exceed 30% in amplitude) are a result of imbalanced distribution of natural and human resources, of
social, political, demographic and economic differences, as well as a result of the way they interact at
territorial level, taking into account their historical development. In addition to that, the managerial
Associate Professor, PhD, “Gh. Zane” University, Romania, Address: 67 tefan cel Mare i Sfânt Blvd, bl. Ca sa Crii, Iasi
700064, tel./fax. 0232233752, Corresponding author: email@example.com.
Senior Lecturer, PhD, “Gh. Zane” University, Romania, Address: 67 tef an cel Mare i Sfânt Blvd, bl. Casa Crii, Iasi
700064, telephone/fax 0232233752, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Senior Lecturer PhD, “Gh. Zane” University, Romania, Address: 67 tefan cel Mare i Sfânt Blvd, bl. Casa Crii, Iasi
700064, telephone/fax 0232233752, e-mail: email@example.com.