The trafficking in human beings prevention: a criminological perspective - part one

Author:Maria Cristina Giannini - Laura C. Di Filippo
Position:Professor PhD of Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Teramo. - Professor PhD of Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Teramo.
Pages:156-166
SUMMARY

Our investigation intends to individualize particular and different kind of trafficking in persons and their quantitative official incidence at international, European and Italian level, also to specify the activities realized by the organizations involved about. Our aim is to prospect new criminological perspectives on trafficking starting from the role of indicators, the econometric principles... (see full summary)

 
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LESIJ NO. XXII, VOL. 1/2015
THE TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS
PREVENTION: A CRIMINOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE1 -
PART ONE
Maria Cristina GIANNINI*
Laura C. DI FILIPPO**
Abstract
Our investigation intends to individualize particular and different kind of trafficking in persons
and their quantitative official incidence at international, European and Italian level, also to specify the
activities realized by the organizations involved about. Our aim is to prospect new criminological
perspectives on trafficking starting from the role of indicators, the econometric p rinciples of cost -
benefit analysis, the theory of the rationale choice, up to reach a new model about the 5 P’s strategies.
Keywords: trafficking, human beings, prevention, data, criminological perspective.
Introduction
1
We have divided our investigation in
different steps finalized:
1.To individualize particular and
different kind of T rafficking in Persons and
their quantitative official incidence at
International, European and Italian level
2.To specify the activities realized by
the Organizations involved in the
Trafficking in Human Beings
3.To prospect new criminological
perspectives on Trafficking in Human
Beings Prevention as follows:
a)The Role of T rafficking Indicators
according to a Dynamic Multidisciplinary
Dimension: Trafficking Indicators, Risk/
Vulnerability Factors, Risk Situations
b)The Econometric Principles of the
Cost-Benefit-Analysis (c/b/a) and the
* Professor PhD of Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Teramo.
** Professor PhD of Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Teramo.
1
Paper presented at EUCPN EUROPEAN CRIME PREVENTION NETWORK Conference, Rome 7-8
October 2 014, organized by Presidenza Italiana del Consiglio dell’Unione Europea, Dipartimento di Polizia/
Cooperazione Internazionale del Ministero dell’Interno ed il Dipartimento di Giustizia Minorile del Ministero della
Giustizia.
Theory of the Rationale Choice of the
Criminal Behavior applied to the Trafficking
in Human Beings Prevention
c)The Trafficking in Human Beings
Prevention according to a Theoretical
Interdisciplinary/Transnational Structure
4.To suggest a New Model about the 5
P's Strategies
1. Data on Trafficking in Human
Beings
It's not possible to propose preventive
and contrast actions regarding a criminal
phenomenon if we don't know it in deep and
exhaustive way. So for our survey we make
use and give note of t he different kind of
statistical sources on trafficking from: a) the
global point of view, b) the E uropean point
of view, c) the Italian point of view, in order
to prospect, obviously, the only quantitative

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