European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2015
The Impact of International Accreditation and Rankings on the
Transformation of Higher Education System in RF
Abstract: The problem of quality of modern higher education is the subject of research in the public academic and
administrative environments. Accreditation and rating are considered as the tools to assess national systems of higher
education. In this case, the rating associated usually with superlative characteristic, but the accred itation meets only
the minimum requirements. In this paper the impact of these tools discusses o n the example of Russian universities.
The conclusion of the work is the assertion of the need to develop a new form of quality accreditation in the form of
international accreditation. International accreditation allows universities to achieve superlative quality based on a set
of estimated parameters, as opposed to an integrated, faceless rankings parameter.
Keywords: quality assurance; educational institution; performance
Traditionally, the national systems of higher education have their own procedures and criteria for
licensing and accreditation of educational activities. Typically, these criteria reflect the accumulated
traditions in higher education (HE). These criteria reflect the national view to the conceptual tools and
technologies implementing the necessary procedures. At the same time, there are the education
systems, that only recently were addressed to the licensing and other methods of assessing of the
educational institution performance. The processes of globalization have led to the emergence of the
new mechanisms to get right the educational activities and to the assess quality of educational process.
Determination of funding priorities have an incentive process for certain areas of education on the
base of external value.
Various forms of accreditation and rating have become as real prioritization process in many
countries. These processes determine the new forms of activity in universities. Universities are
investing financial resources to ensure work in these areas. These financial resources do not support
the educational process or the research directly. The problem of the finance optimization must be
solved to ensure all aspects of activity are supported. Typically, the university is not able to cover fully
all the costs due to the absence of adequate financial resources. Finding a balance is based on the
understanding of the role and the cost of accreditation or rating. Obviously, the burden of these
1 Professor, PhD, Voronezh State University, Russia, Address: University pl.1, Voronezh, Russia, 394006, Tel.:
+79036529105, Corresponding author: email@example.com.