The Changing Nature of Diplomacy: Rising Powers' Humanitarian Diplomacy Practices

AuthorCeren Urcan
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2018
International Relations in the Contemporary World.
Geopolitics and Diplomacy
The Changing Nature of Diplomacy: Rising Powers’ Humanitarian
Diplomacy Practices
Ceren Urcan1
Abstract: In this study, the ways of how the sample rising powers conduct their humanitarian diplomacy are
analyzed since there is heterogeneity such in the other fields of foreign policy implementations. Rising
poаers’ foreign policies and their soft power tools are a debatable issue in general. However, this study goes
into much detail within the scope of humanitarian diplomacy and humanitarian aid as a part of it. The case
study includes the sample countries which are Turkey, Brazil and China. The official reports, official foreign
policies and their implementations are considered in the analysis. Turkeв’s perception on humanitarian issues
is based on the idea of humanity and international responsibility with its historical and cultural history.
BraгТl’s focus on humanitarian issues is mostly related to both its foreign policies and multilateralism
tendencies. China has deep philosophical thoughts and some long-term goals. Even the policies of case
countries seem in this way in principle a nd humanitarian issues are universally ac cepted issues, when the
implementations are analyzed, there are some differences that inhibit us to reach a general conclusion and
prove the heterogeneity in the practices. Thus, this study is an important contribution for such privatized
diplomacy theme regarding the sample rising powers.
Keywords: humanitarian aid; foreign policy; emerging powers; responsibility; humanitarian report
1. Introduction
The general definition of power is to ability to influence and effect the beСavТours’ of other to get what
you want. The attitude and way of getting what you want defines whether it is soft power or hard
power. The military and economic sanctions, inducements, threats, coercions are all part of hard power
and their effects’ can be seen in the short run. However, soft power is a kind of indirect way to effect
the otСers’ decisions. A natТon’s ability to persuade and attract to the others with its attractiveness of
culture, political ideas and policies is called as soft powers. (Nye, 2004, p. 2) Rising powers in
international relations are getting much more share in international politics than ever before. The way
that they conduct their foreign policies is a debatable issue in international politics since the growing
attention to soft power tools rather than the hard power tools.
Changing power relations and increasing number of the actors that are included in these relations have
also changed the way implementing foreign policies in different ways. Diplomacy can be regarded as
1 PhD student, University of Ruse "Angel Kanchev", Bulgaria, Address: "Studentska" 8, 7017 Studentski grad, Ruse,
Bulgaria, E-mail:

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