Study on the Relationship between the Normalised Accounting Model and Financial Risk

Author:Cristian Florin Gheorghe
Position:PhD in progress, University 'Valahia' Targoviste, Romania
Pages:417-428
ISSN: 2067 9211 The Youth of Today - The Generation of the Global Development
417
Study on the Relationship between the
Normalised Accounting Model and Financial Risk
Cristian Florin Gheorghe1
Abstract: The adoption o f International Financial Reporting Standards in 2005 by listed European firms, and
accompanied by similar regulatory action across the globe, represents one of the most influential changes of
accounting rules in the history. The transition from a set of own accounting principles to a single common set of
accounting standards has affected thousands of companies that differ in terms of size, management structure, capital
structure, culture, legal environment and other characteristics2. These changes had a great influence on decision-
making processes and risk management thereby increasing the managers’ concern about the predictive value of the
financial statements3.
Keywords: IFRS; accounting model; financial risks; financial statements; fair vakue; sensitivity analysis
JEL Classification: M41; G32
1. Introduction
IASB “was born from the desire and the need to share at international level the accounting experience
specific to various countries, to harmonize cultural differences and socio-economic characteristics”
that “load” “national accounting systems and to develop a conceptual model consistency of financial
statements”.2 In the General Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting, the IASB acknowledges
and states, as a limitation of general financial reporting purpose, that it “does not provide and cannot
provide all the information that existing and potential investors, lenders and other creditors need”.
Regarding the relevance of information, as a fundamental qualitative feature, the IASB states: “The
Relevant financial information must have the capacity to generate a difference in decisions taken by
users [..]3. Financial information would have this capacity if “they have predictive value, confirmation
value, or both of them”. By definition, they have the predictive value of whether “can be used as
entries in processes applied by users to predict future results”, and do not in themselves represent a
forecast or forecast. Also by definition, financial information has confir mation value if it “provides
feedback on previous assessments”.
The study conducted in 2010 and revised in 2012 namely “Does mandatory IFRS adoption improve
the information environment?” shows that, the accuracy of the estimates and other measures of the IT
environmental quality has been significantly improved as a result of the transition to International
Financial Reporting Standards, especially for companies obliged to adopt IFRS than either for those
who have voluntarily adopted or those who have not still adopted. The same study showed that the
1PhD in progress, University “Valahia” Targoviste, Romania, Address: Blvd. Regele Carol I 2, Targoviste 130024, Romania,
Tel.: 0245 206 101, Corresponding author: florin.gheorghe@energie.gov.ro.

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