The role of decentralization for efficient public administration

Author:Emilia Cornelia Stoica
Position:Associated Professor, Nicolae Titulescu University, Bucharest
Pages:218-227
218 Lex ET Scientia. Economics Series
LESIJ NR. XVIII, VOL. 2/2011
THE ROLE OF DECENTRALIZATION FOR EFFICIENT PUBLIC
ADMINISTRATION
Emilia Cornelia STOICA*
Abstract
A modern public administration is focused on meeting the needs of citizens, provides
comprehensive information on matters concerning their community with full cooperate with
citizens and public control exercised carefully and neutral on the achievement of public services.
Modern public administration seeks to determine how greater participation of civil society in
decision-making process that local corporate and also provides administrative transparency and
direct communication with citizens as possible.
In this sense, decentralization of public administration, involving public services decentra-
lization and strengthening local autonomy in administrative and financial point of view, realizing
and working to enhance local involvement in management issues they face and to build policy own
- in the context of overall national economic and social development - to increase economic
performance and to improve the social life of local citizens by defining and local responsibilities
regarding local services and financial performance, for their accomplishment.
Keywords: decentralization, local autonomy, strategy, financial resources, financial
autonomy, subsidies, fiscal consolidation, Equalize local government revenues
1. Introduction
Public administration reform strategy included many aspects, the main elements among its
designed to monitor the conduct of activities. In this direction were the creation of the Government
for Public Administration Reform and Monitoring Unit of the Central Public Administration
Reform and the groups of the ministries and counties to monitor public administration reform.
Support public administration reform process must be carried out both by measures to
improve economic activity in different areas - energy, construction, research and development, etc.
-, subject for specific government programs, also by developing and implementing viable
programs for funding these programs, which includes making program budgets (which, generally,
in financial practice are basic budgets zero) and by rethinking the system of financing public
services, which involves decreasing the share of resource allocation from the central budget and
the corresponding increase in funding from their local sources.
Our country, like other Central and Eastern European countries had, before the imposition of
the communist regime, a strong decentralized government, composed of county and municipal
councils having a significant degree of autonomy and financial management, but their powers
were taken by the central authority in the period 1945-1990
In 1991, Romania adopted a new constitution, which stipulates that the responsibility of
management and financing of local affairs to return to be of the local public authorities, formed as
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*Associated Professor, Nicolae Titulescu University, Bucharest, (email: liastoica@gmail.com)

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