Environmental Public Spending in Romania - the 2004-2016 'Junk' Program

AuthorFlorian Nuta
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2017
Environmental Public Spending in
Romania the 2004-2016 “Junk” Program
Florian Marcel Nuţă1
Abstract: Our paper is a review o f the "Junk" program in Romania after more than 10 years of
implementation. It discusses the limitation of the program individually and of the environmental
policy as a whole in our co untry. We also intend to talk about the main limitation of the research
area and the shortages in public information. As we consider t he subject still important for
Romania but also for Europe as a system our intention is to continue in future papers the research
and to extend it.
Keywords: junk; environment; subsidies; public spending
1. Introduction
Environmental issues are more acute and more important than ever at this time. Goods and people
transport are among the most polluting sectors of activity, and governments are seeking ways to limit
the impact of this activity on the environment as far as possible. Vehicle manufacturers are also
interested in less polluting technologies, but at the same time preserving the most important market
share. Both sides, both governments and manufacturers in the automotive industry, are primarily
confronted with educating consumer consumption behavior, which tends to remain faithful to
established (usually highly polluting) technologies, at least in some emerging markets. In this context,
where consumers and producers have to meet their consumer behavior and economic performance,
governments are trying to make use of environmental protection policies involving either subsidies or
high consumption taxes for certain products considered dangerous for the quality of the environment.
Many Western European countries have even set bold targets for the next decade in the drive away of
vehicles powered by classic engines (especially diesel). The emerging countries of central and Eastern
Europe have a difficult stance with such targets due to the consumption behavior of their own citizens,
but also due to the impossibility of stopping the transfer between markets.
Thus, the governments of these countries face massive imports of classical propulsion vehicles and
often with Euro 3 and 4 pollution standards. It is a situation similar to the transfer of industrial
technology that fails to meet the environmental standards of the developed countries is transferred to
the countries emerging, which often have more permissive environmental protection standards.
1 Associate P rofessor, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., 800654, Romania, Tel.:
+40372361102, Corresponding author: floriann@univ-danubius.ro.

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