Globalization and Cultural Diversity
Creation, Identity and Reflection
Alina Beatrice Cheşcă1
Abstract: The paper “Creation, Identity and Reflection” approaches the identificatio n in the
“mirror” of reality with creation, in other words seeking the authors’ identity in the reflected
images. Reflection means attempting to find oneself, the mirror being the main princip le of
creation. Many characters become interesti ng only when they step into the world beyond the
mirror, when their faces are doubled by the other self or when their selves are returned by other
characters. The narcissistic concept of the mirror, i.e. the reflection in the mirror and the
representation of the mirror itself, is a recurrent one in literature, but the reflection of the self
which is not the self (as it is a reflection) does not necessarily appear in a mirror or in a photograph
or portrait. Sometimes, t he not-self is retur ned to the self by another person or character. As far as
Oscar Wilde’s theories are concerned, the main idea is that people are interesting for their masks,
not for their inner nature. What Wilde calls “inner nature” is the ch aracters’ un-reflected self and
the mask is the reflection, the self in the mirror. Some characters ’ relationships develop within a
fiction that the y dramatically try to preserve and protect with the risk of suffering. They refuse to
take off the masks which defi ne them in the others’ minds and hearts; the narcissistic individuals
(both artists and characters) seek and love their own image which they pr oject upon facts, thus
creating a fictive realm.
Keywords: creation; Narcissus; mirror; reflection; identity; mask; self
Motto: “Art is the most intense mode of individualism that the world has known.”
In Subjective Mythologies, a fascinating book on the mythical symbols of antiquity, Octavian Paler
stated: “Before blaming Narcissus, we should probably understand more thoroughly what he saw in
the water he mirrored himself in. By talking about him we are actually interested in what is happening
to us. And nobody is forced to break one’s own heart to see what is hidden inside, but if one does it, he
must not cheat.” (Paler, 1975, p. 117)
As writing means looking into one’s inner self, it should be concluded that writing is a narcissistic act.
Tudor Vianu is known to have used the term reflexive in order to mention that in the language with a
stylistic function the writer communicates and communicates himself, which actually represents the
narcissistic nature of art. It must be added that also Jacques Lacan advanced a theory of language
based on Narcissus complex (Lacan, 1978).
1 Associate Professor, PhD, Faculty of Communication and International Relations, Danubius University of Galati, Romania.
Address: 3 Galati Blvd, Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372 361 102, Fax: +40372 361 290. Corresponding author: