European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2015
Considerations on the Improvement of the Legal Framework Necessary for
Preventing and Combating Violence against Women in the European Union
Abstract: Violence against women is a common phenomenon in all social layers and in all society, regardless
of their stage of development, political stability, culture or religion, with particularly negative consequences.
Combating violence against women requires, besides the sanctioning, repressive measures against
perpetrators, and also a series of preventive protection measures and services for victims. Reforming the
criminal law of Romania, but also a number of regulations adopted by international organizations, especially
the European ones, be it European Union or the Council of Europe, attest encouraging legal developments in
this area. The conclusions drawn in th is paper from the daily practice of judicial bodies, as well as specialized
studies highlight the need for improvement and adaptation of specific legislation in order to prevent and
combat crime and violence targeting women, highlighting a few directions in this regard.
Keywords: gender violence; domestic violence; reporting acts of violence; law enforcement agencies
Despite the fact that domestic violence and, in particular, violence against women represents a subject
of debate for decades, the international community has failed, so far, to end this form of violence
Violence and fear of being victimized undoubtedly affect the quality of life of any person. In practice
it has been found, however, that different groups, such as women, children and elderly persons, are
usually regarded as the favorite targets of violence, as evidenced by statistics and judicial bodies. With
regard to scientific interest on the domestic violence phenomenon, especially against women, it did not
know the proportion according to its dimension, especially on the need to identify the best ways and
means to prevent, control and mitigate its extremely harmful effects. The specialized literature records
only a few studies based on prevalence data regarding gender-based violence, and less on procedures
and mechanisms of accountability of the perpetrators.
A general definition of violence, as formulated by the World Health Organization, is “the intentional
use of physical force, on oneself, to someone else or on a group or community, resulting in physical or
1 Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law, “Danubius” University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654 Galati,
Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author: email@example.com.