The Concepts of Food Security and the Right to Safe Food from the International and European Perspective

Author:Toma-Bianov, A. - Saramet, O
Position:Department of Law, Transilvania University of Brasov - Department of Law, Transilvania University of Brasov
Pages:153-158
SUMMARY

Food security and the right to safe food are two concepts largely exploited in the international and European discourse and also two juridical realities that have become a matter of ever increasing international and regional concern. In analysing both the conceptualization and the normative settlement of food security and the right to safe food in the United Nations Organization and European... (see full summary)

 
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Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braúov • Vol. 5 (54) No. 1 - 2012
Series VII: Social Sciences • Law
THE CONCEPTS OF FOOD SECURITY AND
THE RIGHT TO SAFE FOOD FROM THE
INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN
PERSPECTIVE
A. TOMA-BIANOV1 O. ùARAMET2
Abstract: Food security and the right to safe food are two concepts largely
exploited in the international and European discourse and also two juridical
realities that have become a matter of ever increasing international and
regional concern. In analysing both the conce ptualization and the normative
settlement of food secu rity and the right to safe food in the United Nations
Organization and European Union, this paper suggests that improvements
and progresses s hould be achieved in order to enhance a proactive
cooperation between national and international institutions in this particular
area.
Key words: food, security, safe, right.
1 Department of Law, Transilvania University of Braúov.
2 Department of Law, Transilvania University of Braúov
1. Introduction
Economic globalization represents a
significant challenge for the fulfilment of
the food security – the main issue to
address in this article. Structured in seven
chapters and using the concepts of food
security and the right to safe food as an
entry point, t his article argues that
international law is in need of rethinking
under globalization.
Chapter 2 of the present article presents
an international perspective upon food
security. Chapter 3 articulates the normative
content of the right to safe food in the
international law while Chapter 4 presents
the European normative framework of food
security. Chapter 5 analyses the similarities
and distinctiveness of the two concepts in
order to creat e the background for militating
for the right-based approach to food
security, an approach that makes food
security not just a desirable goal but an
effective juridical concept.
2. The Conc ept of Food Security in the
International Discourse
The concept of food security was
developed in the 1970s, being the topic of
public discourse for a few decades. It has
acquired a number of different meanings
over the time. It is estimated estimated that
approximately 200 definitions and 450
indicators of food security exist in the
juridical literature [1].
At the 1974 World Food Conference,
food security was defined as the
“availability at all times of adequate world
food supplies of basic foodstuffs … to

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