• Bulletin of Transilvania University of Brasov. Series VII Social Sciences and Law

Transilvania University of Brasov
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  • The Legal Time of Conception - Its Influence on the Child's Paternity and his/her Recognized Rights

    Establishing the legal time of conception is important both for establishing the paternity of a child inside marriage and outside of marriage and for the child rights to be recognised from the moment of his conception, as a component of his early capacity of use. This is the reason why the legislator’s intervention is essential in securing the legal time of conception. It is admitted that, by scientific evidence, the presumption of paternity, which has a relative character, can be inverted, meaning to prove the child’s conception within a certain period of the time stipulated by the legal text, or even outside this interval.

  • Theoretical Considerations on the Concept of Part in Context- Civil Code

    The subjects of law, bound by substantive law relationships, enter into new relationships of a procedural type, from creditors or debtors they become plaintiffs or defendants and together with the plan of substantive civil law relationships in this context the plan/level of civil procedural relationships also emerges. In this context, we will examine the concept of "parties", trying to define it and to determine the theoretical and practical interest of this approach.

  • Amasya Province in the Centre of Advanced Learning of Vocational Maturity Levels of Students According to Different Variables

    Choice of profession is a decision which has deep impact on our overall life. Therefore, it is vitally important to make the right decision when we are choosing our profession. The aim of the present study is to investigate vocational maturity of high school students according to different variables. The universe of the research was consisted of high schools in the Amasya City; while the research sample was consisted of 225 students; 110 females and 115 males from 9 different types of high school. The research was relied on "Vocational Maturity Scale" developed by Kuzgun and Bacanli (1996). In data analyses, descriptive statistic methods, t-test and ANOVA were used. At the end of the research, after investigating high school students based on different variables, it was concluded that t...

  • A Comparative Analysis Regarding the Obligation of Result and the Obligation of Conduct (of Means) in Civil Law

    This study proposes to achieve a comparative analysis with regard to the obligation of result and the obligation of conduct in civil law, from a perspective of the professional duties and responsibilities arising out of a lawyer’s practice. The point of departure in this analysis consists in an overview including the main forms of social responsibility, continuing with juridical responsibility, with a main focus on the problematic of civil responsibility in both of its forms - contract responsibility and delictual responsibility.

  • 3D Application for Fingerprint Identification

    The demonstrations of fingerprint identification presented so far are based on the examination and processing of digital images in a twodimensional system, providing biometric limitations for evaluation when having to deal with the identification of a person from whom we only have a print which does not contain sufficient identification elements or when the print was deposited on a soft base (dough, paint, silicone, wax, gel, etc..), difficult to reveal by traditional methods, the only method available being direct photographs that do not alter the details of the print.

  • Selecting and Training Police Agents

    Preparing a candidate for a police career begins in high school, like the "Vasile Lascar" Police Agents School, Campina or the "Septimius Muresan "Police Agents School in Cluj-Napoca, and continues with training in a specialized public institution of higher education: the "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Police Academy. From the student years, legislation and specific training provide a different status for students at the Police Academy, given that the curricula are different and specific. In their work, officers are different from civil servants and magistrates, have their own law organization which gives them a unique legal status, because police agencies ensure the functioning of a public service.

  • Recognition of a Person based on the characteristics of the Iris and Retina

    Biometric solutions address the fundamental problems of recognizing a person based on features of the iris and the retina, because a person's biometric data are unique and cannot be transferred. Biometrics are automated methods of identifying a person or verifying the identity of a person based on morphological or behavioural characteristics. Examples of morphological characteristics include images of the hand, finger, facial features and recognition of the iris. Behavioural characteristics are traits that have been learned or acquired. Dynamic signature verification, speaker verification and the dynamics of pressure are examples of behavioural characteristics.

  • Identifying and Explaining the Executive Terminology Established by Foreign Constitutions in States Acknowledging a Presidential Regimerning the Civil Code

    Identifying the executive, its structure, determining its relationship with the legislative and with the judicial power, identifying the election, designation and appointment procedure for the members of the executive, can be done by determining, based on the constitutional norms of the various states, the political regime establishing the organisation and functioning of its powers. It is also necessary to mention the fact that from the point of view of the form of government, each state has distinctive features with regard to the organising and functioning of powers in the state, to the relationships between them, on the one hand, as well as to the executive, on the other hand.

  • The Paulian Action within the Regulatory Context of Law no. 287/2009 concerning the Civil Code

    The term Paulian Action originates in Roman law, where it was a class action carried in the name of all creditors by a curator bonorum, with the effect of obligating the debtor to pay the defrauded creditors an amount equal to the value of the alienated assets. As will be shown, in current legal practice the action is individual and benefits only the creditor who files suit. The term of revocatory action was coined by its main effect, namely of inter partes rescinding of the attacked deeds, which in modern law is considered synonymous to non-opposability.

  • Opposability and Effects of Debt Assignment

    Nowadays, the modern trends and the more frequent use of debt assignment have led, both in comparative law and in the Romanian legislation, to a different approach on the assignment of receivables. We find this approach more fair and more accurate than that in the previous Romanian Civil Code, taking into consideration, on the one hand, the effect of assignment, namely the transfer of a right (the right to receivables) and not of a tangible asset, as well as, in fact, as shown above, debt assignment can be achieved (and could be achieved also under the old civil code) by means of other types of contracts, other than sale contracts, for example by means of donations.

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