Administrative capacity development for the modernisation of rural communities in Romania

Author:Ani Matei, Luminita Iordache
The European Citizen and Public Administration
Administrative Capacity Development for the Modernisation of Rural
Communities in Romania
Ani Matei1, Luminița Iordache2
Abstract: The local public administration is one o f the key social actors in the sustainable development and
transformation of the community, assuming its constant adaptation to new conditions at the economic,
political and social level. The present paper aims to analysis the connections between the development of
administrative capacity and modernization of local communities in Romania. Assumptions main research are
the need to develop the administrative capacit y to support the modernization of local communities and the
mutual influence between this two processes. It also takes into consideration to use the analyses for
improving administrative capacity made b y international bodies like the World Bank, International Mon etary
Fund, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the European Commission. This paper
aims to contribute to the development of literature in the field considering the specificity of the modernization
process in rural communities in Central and Eastern Europe, which is based on the transformation of public
administration and connecting it to the needs of citizens. The target group of readers is represented by
researchers, who have the opportunity to develop n ew mechanisms for the improvement of the administrative
capacity but also by practitioners in the field who can implement new development strategies for the local
public administration. Quantitative and qualitative tools will be used for the theoretical and practical
examination of the way in which Romania can develop by contributing to the general welfare of the citizens.
The originality of the paper is the rationale, description and operationalize a framework of reference for
highlighting the impact of modernization on local administrative capacity development. To this we add an
empirical analysis conducted for a local community in Romania.
Keywords: social change; rural development; smart communities
1. Introduction
Administrative capacity development has a long history in the development aid of third world
countries, it built on previous concepts starting from institutional building of the 1950s and it begins to
take a macro- reform perspective in the late 1980s -1990s.
The challenges of globalization, increased mobility of people, technology, societal, demographic and
climate change, are more than ever a fundamental impact on the role of the public sector and
governments. These changes coupled with the importance of administrative capacity increasing
require for strong and stable authorities / institutions, which are at the same time agile and flexible,
and open to change. The public sector has always been under pressure to develop public services and
to deliver citizen-centric service.
1 Professor, National University of Political Studies and Public Administration (SNSPA) - Faculty of Public Administration ,
Address: 6 Povernei Str., Bucharest, Romania, Tel.: +4 0372249786, E-mail:
2 PhD Studen t, National University o f Political Studies and Public Administration (SNSPA) - Faculty of Public
Administration, Address: 6 Povernei Str., Bucharest, Romania, Tel.: +4 0372249786, Corresponding author:

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