Management of railway infrastructure - national and European comparative analysis

Author:Adriana Elena Belu
Position:PhD student at the Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Lawyer in Dolj Bar Association, adyelenabelu@yahoo.com.
Pages:126-132
SUMMARY

On November 12, 2016, in Romania the Law no. 202/2016 on the integration of the Romanian railway system into the single European railway area come into force after the 2012/34/EU Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 on the establishment of the single European railway area was adopted in 2012. It is later adopted in Strasbourg on 18 April 2018 and will enter... (see full summary)

 
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Management of railway infrastructure - national and European
comparative analysis
Ph.D. student Adriana Elena BELU1
Abstract
On November 1 2, 2016, in Romania the La w no. 202/2016 on the integr ation of
the Romanian railway system into the single Europea n railway a rea come into force after
the 2012/34/EU Directive of the Europea n Par liament and of the Council of 21 November
2012 on the establishment of the single European railway a rea was adopted in 2012. It is
later adopted in Stra sbourg on 18 April 2018 and will enter into force on 02.05.2018 The
Regulation 643/2018 on ra il tra nsport sta tistics. Statistics on freight and passenger ra il
transpor t are needed to enable the Commission to oversee and develop the common
transpor t policy as well as the transpo rt elements of policies on trans-Eur opean r egions
and networks. Under Directive 2004/49/EC of the European Parliament a nd of the Council
of 29 April 2004 on safety on the Community's railways, ea ch Member State of the
Europea n Union must establish a national safety authority. In Romania, the Romanian
Railway Safety Authority - ASFR2, was set up as a national b ody r esponsible for the tasks
related to railway safety.
Keywords: railway infra structure, Community's railways, European railway area, trans-
Europea n regions and networks, railway safety.
JEL Classification: K23, K33
1. Introduction
In order to continue the efforts to establish a single market for rail transport
services, initiated by Council Directive 91/440/EC of 29 July 1991 on the
development of the Community's railways, it was necessary to establish a common
regulatory framework for railway safety. To date, Member States have developed
safety standards and standards mainly at national level, based on national technical
and operational concepts. At the same time, differences in principles, approach and
culture have made it difficult to overcome technical barriers and carry out
international transport operations.
All those operating the railway system, the IM3/RU4, should be fully
accountable for system security, each for its own part and cooperate in the
implementation of risk control measures. Member States should make a clear
distinction between this immediate responsibility for the safety and the task of
NSA5s to provide a national regulatory and performance control framework for
operators.
1 Adriana Elena Belu - PhD student at the Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Lawyer in Dolj
Bar Association, adyelenabelu@yahoo.com.
2 By Law no. 55/2006 of 16/03/2006 on railway safety (transposing Directive 2004/49/EC).
3 IM Infrastructure managers.
4 RU Railway operators.
5 ANS Autoritatea Naionala de Siguran (National Safety Authority).

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