Juridical Tribune Volume 9, Issue 2, June 2019 403
text messaging. Separately standing is the erotic video-chat, also called cam girl –
an activity implying exposure of a model (female or male) for a certain period of
time in front of the webcam, in return for money or free of charge”.4
Back in October, and accordingly, in November 1995, appeared on a website
hosted by one of the United State of America servers were the very first erotic
video-chat performances (the so-called “live nude video teleconferencing”).5 Since
that time, the things kept scaling up. The like activities are no more rara avis.
Anyway, the erotic video-chat is a relatively new “business” creeping into the
market of “services” offered in the Republic of Moldova. The agencies dealing
with the aforementioned services are grooming girls by placing online
announcements while promising them impressive financial rewards in exchange to
exposure of their “beauty.” Online announcement panels are plagued with appeals6
inviting girls to provide erotic services on the internet (i.e. to go nude in front of a
webcam, to stimulate one’s own genitals, etc.) in exchange for money. This
phenomenon has long since drawn public, mass media and researchers’ attention.
Some consider it as a kind of “masked prostitution”7 or “prostitution in second
life”,8 while others consider it to be “cyberprostitution”,9 “online prostitution”10 or
4 Video-chat. Available at: https://goo.gl/dVY1yS (accessed at 12 December 2018).
5 Donna Hughes, The Internet and the Global Prostitution Industry. In: Susan Hawthorne and Renate
Klein (eds.), Cyber Feminism: Connectivity, Critique and Creativity, Spinifex, North Melbourne,
1999, p. 175-176.
6 One of such appeals (placed on one of the most visited Moldova sites at the onset of 2011)
contained the following message: “we recruit video chat models at the domicile. Benefit on a
generous commission and forget abou t your financial problems by earning from 500 to 2000 USD.
Work from home was never ever that pro fitable; do not hesitate to contact us for more information.
Announcement valid across th e country!”*. Yet another case: ap peared on a number of sites under
the heading “Work and study”, subheading “Jobs, vacancies”, were the announcements reading as
follows: “Erotic video chat – 80 to 100% guaranteed!” and “We are looking for video chat models
– we offer a 300 bonus upon employment!”** (it is unclear what the 300 means: Euro, USD, etc.).
* Apud: Masked prostitution: erotic video chat. Available at: https://goo.gl/D7XjXs (accessed at 19
** Apud: Judgment of the Supreme Court of Justice of the Republic of Moldova of 29 May 2018.
Casefile no. 1ra-813/2018. Available at: https://goo.gl/QCz1Ti (accessed at 19 January 2019).
7 Masked prostitution: erotic video chat. Available at: https://goo.gl/D7XjXs (accessed at 19 January
8 Susan W. Brenner, Fantasy Crime: T he Role of Criminal Law in Virtual Worlds, Vanderbilt Journal
of Entertainment and Technology Law, 2008, vol. 11, no. 8, p. 68.
9 Chris Ashford, Sex Work in Cyberspace: Who Pays the Price? Information & Communications
Technology Law, 2008 , vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 37-49; Chris Ashford, Male Sex Work and the Internet
Effect: Time to Re-evaluate the Criminal Law? “The Journal of Criminal Law”, 2009, vol. 73, pp.
258-280; Bela Bonita Chatterjee, Pixels, Pimps and Prostitutes: Human Rights and the Cyber-Sex
Trade. In: Mathias Klang and Andrew Murray (eds.), Human Rights in the Digital Age, Glass
House Press, London, 2005, pp. 11-26; Brooke Campbell, Is Cyberprostitution Prostitution? New
Paradigm, Old Crime. Available at: https://goo.gl/vEj25E (accessed at 19 Janu ary 2019); Matthew
Green, Sex on the Internet: A Legal Click or an Illicit Trick? California Western Law Review,
2002, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 527-546; D. James Nahikian, Learning to Love “Te Ultimate Peripheral”
– Virtual Vices Like “Cyberprostitution” Suggest A New Paradigm to Regulate Online Expression,
Journal of Computer & Information Law, 1996, vol. 14, pp. 779-815; Nicolas Suzor, The Role of