ISSN: 2067 – 9211 Legal and Administrative Sciences in the New Millennium
Women’s Rights as Part of the
Individual and Fundamental Rights and Freedom
Brikena Buda (Dhuli)1
Abstract: Albania has undertaken important national and i nternational legal commitments to combat
discrimination and to promote and make gender equality a reality. In this context, governmental structures, in
cooperation with civil society and international organizations, have particularly worked towards improving
gender sensitive legislation and policies, building and strengthening structures in support of gender equality
and preventing and fighting violence against women and domestic violence. Albanian governments through
years have drafted several strategies that sustain and protect women's ri ghts, with the support of several
international organizations and various NGOs. Personal rights and freedoms recognized in the context of human
rights include a wide range of rights. Analyzing such rights in general terms is a broad-spectrum issue, so in
this paper we will only deal with some of them.
Keywords: combat discrimination; civil society; gender sensitive legislation and policies
The principle of non-discrimination and equality between men and women, being particularly
importance in the implementation of law, in addition to legislative and law enforcement institutions,
there are other institutional mechanisms that ensure the enjoyment of women’s human rights and above
all that promote gender equality. (Gruda, 2008, p. 55). The State Gender Equality Mechanism, which
consists of a set of state structures, has been set up to promote gender equality progress and ensure the
enjoyment of women's rights (Picari, 2008, p. 38). In this analysis, we think that although legal
projections and institutions are up and running, much remains to be done to create the right environment
for the effective functioning of the institutional mechanism.
2. The Right to Private Property
Property right is a fundamental and very important one in a democratic state. The property right is
explicitly provided for in some legal instruments of international and regional character. As far as this
is concerned, the applicable legal provisions do not treat property differently. Property right, as one of
the fundamental rights, is at any moment a worthy discussion and unrelated to the other rights of each
individual and society both for men and women. The Civil Code of the Republic of Albania, Law No.
9235 of 29 July 2004 “On the Restitution and Compensa tion of Property” and the Last Approved Law
no. 133/2015 “On the Treatment of Property and the Completion of the Property Compensation Process”
1 Lecturer, Departament of Law, Faculty of Political and Juridical Sciences, Aleksander Moisiu, University Durres, Albania,
Address: 14, 2001, Rruga Currila, Durrës, Albania, Corresponding author: email@example.com.