European Integration - Realities and Perspectives
How do we define „WORKER” in the European Union
Abstract: The citizens who exercise their right of free movement are protected by the dispositions of
European Union regarding coordination of social security. A person can travel betw een c ountries from
European Union in order to search for a job, according his qualification and his studies. Free movement is a
means of creating a European employment market and of establishing a more fl exible and more efficient
labor market, to the benefit of workers, employers and Member States. It is common ground that labor
mobility allows individuals to improve their job prospects and allows employers to recruit the people they
need. It is an importa nt element in achieving efficient labor markets and a high level of employment. We can
say that Romania is a country of migrants. According to official government estimates are about 3 million
Romanian workers in EU countries. I followed that this article to ensure an efficient and accurate information
on the term "worker" and the possibilities for labor migration in EU countries in accordance with the
principle of freedom of movement. A novelty of this article is represented by comment on various
approaches, nuances and connotations that were associated with the concept of "worker" by different authors.
Keywords: worker; labor market; work relationship; free circulation; social security
The European Union is based on principles such as: liberty, democracy, civil rights and basic freedom,
as well as obeying the principal of the state governed by law.
Having a job and a complete workforce are basic elements with a view to guaranteeing equal chances
for all people and also contributes to fully participating of the citizens in the cultural, social and
Any citizen of a UE state has the right to look for a working place in other state witch is member of
EU and benefits from same services as the citizens of the host member state from behalf of the
national agencies of workforce. The UE legislation regarding the workforce guarantees the minimum
level of protection which applies to all persons who live and work in the European Union.
1. Consideration Regarding the Concept of “Worker”
According to the art. 39 (2) from the European Community Treaty, related to the free circulation it is
stipulated that any citizenship discrimination is forbidden, among the workers of the member states,
regarding the employment, salary and other working conditions.
The European law norms do not define the term “worker”; however, the European Community Treaty
consists of some elements which can lead to the clarifying of the nations such as: employment,
workplace, salary/income and working conditions.
Senior Lecturer, PhD, “Vasile G oldi” Western University of Arad, Faculty of Law, Roman ia. Corresponding