Types of Leader in Organisation

AuthorMarian Aurelian Bargau
Performance and Risks in the European Economy
Types of Leader in Organisation
Marian Aurelian Bârgău1
Abstract: Besides leading theories of people in one way or another from different angles reveal the types of
leaders who can meet in business management literature contains classifications of management styles,
which take into account different criteria or viewpoints. The word ―leadership‟ has been used in various
aspects of human endeavor such as politics, businesses, academics, social works, etc. Previous views about
leadership show it as personal ability. The individual leader traits depend not only on personal abilities and
his characteristics, but in special on the characteristics of the situation and environment in which he finds
himself. People could become members of an organization in other to achieve certain personal objectives,
the extent to which they are active members depends on how they are convinced that their membership will
enable them to achieve their predetermined objectives. The leader will support an organization if he
believes that th rough it his personal objectives and goals could be met otherwise the person‘s interest will
decline. The type leader or style of leading in an organization is one of the factors that play significant role
in enhancing or retarding the interest and commitment of the individuals in the organization.
Keywords: type leader; abilities; organization; membership
1. Introduction
The first major study of leadership styles was performed in 1939 by Kurt Lewin who led a group of
researchers to identify different styles of leadership (Lewin, Lippit, White, 1939). This early stud y has
remained quite influential as it established the three major leadership styles: (U.S. Army, 1973):
o authoritarian or autocratic - the leader tells his or her employees what to do and how to do
it, without getting their advice;
o participative or democratic - the leader includes one or more employees in the decision
making process, but the leader normally maintains the final decision making authority;
o delegative or laissez-fair - the leader allows the employees to make the decisions, however,
the leader is still responsible for the decisions that are made.
1 Valahia University of Targoviste, Romania, Address: 2 Carol I Blvd., Targoviste, Dambovita, 130024, 130084, Romania,
Tel.: +4 0245 206 101, Corresponding Author: marianbargau@yahoo.com.

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