Trust Regulation In The Czech Republic: The Model Law For Introduction Of The Trust Instrument In The Republic Of Latvia?

AuthorJanis Grasis
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2016
Trust Regulation in the Czech Republic: the Model Law for Introduction of
the Trust Instrument in the Republic of Latvia?
Janis Grasis1
Abstract: In the last decades, thanks to the process of globalization, there is the diversification of forms and
kinds of the economic relations. Therefore the trust instrument is used more and more in the countries where
before it was practically unknown legal instrument. The author has defended dissertation paper The Essence
of Trusts, its Recognition and Legal Regulation in the Roman German Law System Countries and Possible
Introduction in Latvia” on September 12, 2008. In this dissertation paper it was advised to introduce trust
instrument in the Republic of Latvia I order to improve the existing regulation in Latvia; draft law on trusts
was prepared. The Czech Republic had introduced trust instrument from January 1 2014. This article will be
devoted to the comparative analysis of the Czech regulation on trusts; therefore it is a very important both
from academic and practical point of view. Till now there are a few researches on this theme. The survey and
comparative analysis are the main methods used in the present article. Based on the comparative analysis it is
recommended to use regulation of the Czech Republic and Province of Quebec in order to draft similar
legislation in the Republic of Latvia. The present research is a very topical for the academics, Me mbers of the
Saeima (Latvian Parliament), practitioners in the financial and legal field. This is unique research on
comparative basis, using Civil Code of the Czech Republic and Province of Quebec, the Principles of
European Trust Law , the Hague Convention on the Law Applicable to Trusts and on their Recognition and
existing regulation and prepared draft legislation on trusts of the Republic of Latvia.
Keywords: trust; Civil Code of Quebec, Civil Code of Czech Republic; Hague convention; Principles of
European Trust Law.
The trust is one of the most popular legal institutions for wealth management in Common law
jurisdictions. In recent decades and years there has been a significant burgeoning of interest in the
reception of the trust in civil law jurisdictions, which have fuelled enthusiasm in the comparative study
of trusts around the world (Lupoi, 2000; Hayton, 2010). The trust law is a legal mechanism by which
English law recognizes and enforces a separation between the legal ownership of property and the
right to enjoy the benefits of that property. When a trust has been created, the trustee holds legal title
to the property, but the beneficial entitlement to the property rests in the hands of the trust
beneficiaries (Cane & Conaghan, 2008). Probably the declaration by the M.S. Amoss that “English
trust are spread throughout like eggs of the Cuckoo in the Continental law countries” (Amos, 1937) is
exaggerated, however this expression has a truth. Also in the law systems, which is not based on the
English common law and equity, there are law instruments by its essence similar to the Common law
1Associated Professor, PhD, BA School of Business and Finance, Latvia, Address: 1 61 Valdemara Str., Riga, Latvia, LV -
1013; Tel.: +371 67387317, fax: +371 67320620, Corresponding author:

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