Lecturer PhD. Ileana VOICA2
The scientific paper is structured to highlight the issues that define the need to
establish the Tribuna l. Thus, the second instance of the Court of Justice or the General
Court was created under the workload of the Cour t ha d become incompatible with the
requirements of the proper administration of justice. Utility setting is highlighted Court and
proven in the paper, by ana lyzing the composition, or ganization, functioning and
jurisdiction of the Court. EU Cour t is the first step towar ds diversifying the EU jurisdiction.
This ha s entailed the r edistribution of previous skills held by the Court of Justice of the
Europea n Union by the Court, while safeguar ding its power of review.
Keywords: Tribunal of the European Union, ca se law, the Treaty of Lisbon,
JEL Classification: K33, K40
Court of First Instance (CFI)3 is the first step towards diversifying the
jurisdiction of the Community/Union, redistributing previous powers held by the
Court for the benefit of other EU jurisdictions, provided, well understood, the
protection of Supreme Court4 review.
Article 168A EC and 32 quinto ECSC introduced by the SEA fully realized
diversification requirements of Community jurisdiction. These articles authorize
the Council, acting unanimously after consulting the Court on the request of the
Commission and the European Parliament to establish the Court of Justice
jurisdiction assigned to examine at first instance certain categories of disputes
subject to appeal before the ECJ limited to issues under the conditions fixed by
1 Ioana Nely Militaru - Law Department, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania,
2 Ileana Voica - Law Department, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania,
3 See for details Ioana Nely Militaru, the Court of First In stance, European Law Review no.2/2003,
Rosetti Publishing House, Bucharest, 2003, pp. 90 -103, see also Ioana Nely Militaru, EU Law,
second edition, Legal Publishing House, Bucharest, 2011, p. 261, to see Dragos Marian Radulescu,
European Union, Pro University Publishing House, 2012, p. 59. See and Cruceru Anca Popescu,
Gabriela Eurgenia Seuciuc Viorel Ban, „The role of Economical Concentrations in the
Contemporary Competitive Ecquation”, Internationa l J ournal of Advances in Management and
Economics, India, September-October 2012, Vo l I, no. 5, p 95-98, and Anca Popescu Cruceru
Sorina, Economic-Legal in competitive economic, Economic Publishing House, 2006, p. 44.
4 See Mark Guy Isaac et Blanquet, Dr oit communautair e generally 8 ed., Dalloz, Paris, 2001, p 256.