Transforming Europe: EU's gender policy

Author:Toma-Bianov, A.
Position:Department of Public Law, Transilvania University of Brasov
Pages:139-144
SUMMARY

The essay is a rather descriptive one, focused upon EU’s gender policy, and especially upon the European Commission’s Strategy for equality between men and women (2010-2015). The goals of European Commission are rather optimistic and they focus on the economic challenges and growth. It will be interesting to have a future research on the implementation of the Strategy at the member states level,... (see full summary)

 
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Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov Vol. 4 (53) No. 1 - 2011
Series VII: Social Sciences • Law
TRANSFORMING EUROPE:
EU’S GENDER POLICY
Anamaria TOMA-BIANOV1
Abstract: The essay is a rather descriptive one, focused upon EU’s gender
policy, and especially upon the European Commission’s Strategy for equality
between men and women (2010-2015). The goals of European Commission
are rather optimistic and they focus on the economic challenges and growth.
It will be interesting to have a future research on the implementation of the
Strategy at the member states level, to see if the Commission’s goals would
be achieved.
Key words: European Union, gender, strategy, policy.
1 Department of Public Law, Transilvania University of Braşov.
1. Introduction
The history of EU gender equality
legislation goes back to the 1957 Treaty of
Rome, which provided the principle of
equal pay for men and women (Article 119
amended by Treaty of Amsterdam and
renumbered as Article 141 EC). Later, the
principles of gender equality was anchored
in the EC Treaty and amending Treaties, as
well as in the most recent Lisbon Treaty
and further strengthened with the adoption
of binding EC secondary legislation (i.e.
the directives), and with the ‘soft’ law
measures (for example strategies and
recommendations), not to ignore the
relevance of the case law of the European
Court of Justice (ECJ). Despite the actions
taken at European level to eliminate gender
discrimination much remains to be done,
as stated in European Commission’s
Strategy for equality between men and
women, 2010-2015, or in Europe 2020
Strategy.
2. EU’s gender equality policy
Gender equality occupies an important
place in the EU which has served as an
invaluable platform for the pursuit of
gender equality and the fight against
discrimination in this particular area.
There is a wide range of views about the
extend to which the development of EU
has been associated with the reduction of
gender inequalities, varying from very
considerable [1], to very limited [2]. Still,
the promotion and strengthening of gender
equality has been established as an priority
policy of the Community agenda and has
been held on numerous occasions by the
ECJ to be a fundamental right and a
general law principle under Community
legal order [3].
The importance of gender equality was
given new impetus by the insertion of
Article 13 EC into the EC Treaty, which
gives the Community further competence
to adopt anti-discrimination legislation. In
particular, the Council has the power to
adopt legislation aimed at fighting
discrimination on grounds of sex, racial or

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