The role of remote sensing in combating terrorism and ensuring state security

Author:Constantin Marc Neagu
Position:Assistant Lecturer, PhD candidate, Faculty of Law, 'Nicolae Titulescu' University of Bucharest (e-mail:
Constantin Marc NEAGU*
This study aims at analyzing remote sensing which represents a scientific activity by means of which
information related to the use of satellites is obtained and processed. The procedure used to obtain this
information is becoming increasingly important, even vital, when it comes to ensuring state security
against external aggression, against all forms of terrorism, and, especially, again st cyber terrorism.
Thus, regional co nflicts and security crises are on the rise, leading to the emergence of global risks
and threats. This can be counteracted by remote sensing, a science which is in significant progress,
due to technological development characterizing the 21st century. Under these circumstances, the
aerospace component has become critical in the conduct of the la test armed conflicts, as the
information on the movements of large groups of people is a key element in carrying out military
Keywords: remote sensing, national security, terrorism, self-defense of national territory,
1. The concept of remote sensing
Remote sensing is the science that
deals with the receipt of information related
to elements located at a certain distance,
starting with multi-spectral or radar images
obtained by means of remote sensors
(satellites). The term remote sensing
indicates o btaining information about an
object situated at a distance, without any
material contact between the observed
object and the observer. Remote sensing
does not only include the processes and the
apparatus that allow obtaining an image of
the earth's surface from a distance, but also
further processing, in the context of certain
Remote sensing is an applied science,
dependent on the state o f technological
development existing at a certain moment.
* Assistant Lecturer, PhD candidate, Faculty of Law, Nicolae Titulescu” University of Buc harest (e-mail:
In legal doctrine, the concept of remote
sensing comprises the same basic elements,
but sensitively interpreted, given t hat the
method of remote sensing involves high
resolution technology concepts.
However, all definitions have as
reference the definition included in the UN
General Asse mbly Resolution no. 41/65 of
December 3, 1986.
In Romanian doctrine, remote sensing
is defined as a method that can determine the
nature and condition of the natural resources
of the Earth environment, through
observations and measurements made from
space objects, or ‘space activity through
which information about geophysical
phenomena, human activities, natural
resources from the Earth surface or
underground, both in the territory under the
sovereignty of states, and in areas not subject

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