The Meanings of Romanian Patriotism in Three Texts from the Beginning of the 20th Century

Author:Fanel Teodorascu
Position:Senior Lecturer, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Faculty of Communication and International, Relations, Romania
Pages:321-327
SUMMARY

In this paper, we intend to follow how the patriotism was explained to Romanians during the period preceding Romania's entry into the First World War. We consider our approach important and because on 1st of December 2018 the Romanians celebrated for the one hundredth time the Day of the Great Union. In our research, three texts, each of them belonging to another author, will be followed. The... (see full summary)

 
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ISSN: 2067 9211 Communication Sciences Globalization of Cultural Diversity
321
The Meanings of Romanian Patriotism
in Three Texts from the Beginning of the 20 th Century
Fănel Teodoraşcu1
Abstract: In this paper, we intend to follow how the patriotism was explained to Romanians during the period
preceding Romania’s entry into the First World War. We consider our approach important and because on 1st
of December 2018 the Romanians celebrated for the one hundredth time the Day of the Great Union. In our
research, three texts, each of them belonging to another author, will be followed. The first text represents an
orthodox Christian point of view on patriotism, the second text comes from the sphere of politics, and the last
text on which we will stop embodies the military vision of the matter dealt with here. In addition to these three
texts, we will also use articles that have been published in magazines such as: Revista Generală a
Învăţământului (The General Magazine of Education), Revista Istorică Română (the Romanian Historical
Review), Revista Grănicerilor (the Guardian Magazine), Revista Istorică Română (the Historic Magazine),
Biserica Ortodoxă Română (the Romanian Orthodox Church,) Furnica, etc.
Keywords: patriotism; nationalism; history of press; education; communism
1. Some Explanations
In Romania, the political events that took place in recent years determined the national public space to
talk seriously about patriotism again. After the fall of the C ommunist regime, which took place in
December 1989, there was less talk of “patriotism”, which was associated, especially by young people,
with the policy of the Romanian Communist Party (P.C.R.). Today, there is talk2 of patriotism again.
Attempts to define/redefine patriotism are made by specialists from different fields of activity. Not just
in the speeches of politicians, university professors, sociologists, psychologists, etc. one can find
references to how patriotism is understood, but also in some commercial advertisements (even if in the
latter case the idea of patriotism is not clearly expressed, but only suggested). In this paper we do not
intend to clarify the meaning of patriotism. There are already many works that have undertaken this
goal. Our intentions are much more modest.
Over the years, “many meanings of patr iotism” have been given, but most of these meanings were, if
we were to believe the author of an article published in 1944, “false”. (Miclea, 1944, p. 2) In our
research, we wanted to see how the patriotism was explained to Romanians during the period preceding
Romania’s entry into the First World War, at the end of which political events took place that led to the
Great Union which took place on 1st of December 1918. We consider our approach as important and
1 Senior Lecturer, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Faculty of Communication and International, Relations, Romania,
Address: 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654 Galati, Romania, Tel.: +40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author:
teodorascu.fanel@univ-danubius.ro.
2 See (Marin, November 30, 2016). At https://pressone.ro/ce-este-si-ce-nu-este-patriotismul/The article was quoted on
December 10 2018, at 05.01 p.m.

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