The Impact of Tourism upon Natural Capital

AuthorGabriela Cornelia Piciu, Carmen Trica
Financial and Monetary Resear
Academy of Economic Studies
Tourism now represen
protection and contro
l the ho
transportation, tourist-
related d ev
and direct impacts of the lodging
After we analyze the in fluence t
Although environmental awarene
primary. Therefore, educational
economic and marketing benefi
responsible tourism should be fr
educational initiatives that focus
more likely to be res
Keywords: tourism;
1. Introduction
Tourism is a rapidly growing sou
has long been the world
forecasts a doubling of the numb
patterns are changing with more
second homes with low occupanc
Tourism is the temporary movem
residence, the activities undertake
cater to their needs. It is often
interrelated. Tourism involves tr
activities undertaken durin
g leisu
Tourism, which contributes to
economic sector in need of more
E.U., involving about 2 million
generating up to 12 % of GDP (d
Performance and Risks in the
pact of Tourism upon Natural Capital
Piciu Gabriela Cornelia
, Trică Carmen
earch Center „Victor Slăvescu”, Bucharest,
Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Econ
sents a major management problem to be faced by those wh
host areas and their facilities. We have identified impa
development, t ourist activities including some recreational a
ing and cruise indu
stries. Although this discussion focuses on
e that providers of tourism services can have on their supplie
eness has had an important impact on the tou
rism industry, ec
nal programs aimed at tourism service providers should
efits of environmental stewardship. Edu cational efforts to p
framed in accordance with the targeted audience. Tourists m
us on the environmental benefits of altering their behavior, w
educational efforts that emphasize cost savings and an improv
ental impact
; service sector; sector environmental profile
ource of pressure on natural
resources and the envir
rld’s favorite tourist destination and the World To
mber of arrivals to around 720 million per year b
re holidays per year, shorter stays,
longer travelling
ncy rates.
ement of people to destinations outside their norma
aken during their stay in those destinations, an
d the
n difficult to distinguish between tourism and rec
s traveling a distance from home, while recreatio
isure time
to well
being and recreation, is receiving increas
re sustainable management. For example, there are
on businesses
(mostly small and medium-
sized e
(directly or indirectly), 6 % of employment and 30
the European Economy
who are responsible for the
pacts from tourist
l activities such as boating,
on environmental impacts.
pliers as well as th e tourist.
, economic motives are still
ld emphasize the potential
o promote environmentall
s may be more receptive to
r, while industry sectors are
roved public image.
Tourism Organization
r by 2020. Vacationing
ing distances and more
mal places of work and
the facilities created to
recreation, as they are
ation is defined as the
easing attention as an
are tourism activities in
enterprises) currently
30 % of external trade.

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