European Integration - Realities and Perspectives. Proceedings 2019
The Impact of European Institutions on
Local and Regional Development
Olta Qejvani,1 Brikena Buda (Dhuli)2
Abstract: A united Europe is the sum up of how different regions live together and find common perspectives.
This does not fit only as a political, social or philosophical idea, but since the creation of the European Union,
regional development remains one of the most important cornerstones of the institutions of EU. Different
legislative acts of EU institutions refer something in specific about regions policy, regional development etc,
but since 1994 the issue of the regions in Europe has been treated throughout a specific institution: European
Committee of the Regions. On the other hand, the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities, Council of
Europe is established to make sure that the principles of the European Charter of Local Self-Government are
observed through systematic monitoring and regular dialogue with the governments of the Council of Europe
member states. Member states of European Union are also member states of Council of Europe. This paperwork
aims to: Find concrete impact of European institutions on local and regional reality in Europe; Analyze the
work of European Committee of the Regions throughout concrete examples for the regional development;
Propose concrete policies or legislative changes on how European Committee of the Regions (CoR) can develop
productive agreement with other institutions that can strengthen regional cooperation and further development
in EU. This approach would realize a ne w perspective on managing the point of view of the researchers, but
also to give some important recommendations on how EU institutions, specifically CoR can properly behave
with each other in order to help on regional development.
Keywords: regional institutional cooperation; European institutions’ mechanisms; European Committee of the
Regions; Congress of Local and Regional Authorities
A functional EU does not make sense without a concrete and useful policy on local and regional
development. The recent initiatives that happened inside EU has demonstrated a special awareness in
order to improve local and regional realities. EU institutions, despite of the macro level of policies, have
also paid attention to the local and regional policy and laws, as micro arenas to initiate the present and
future of EU.
On the other side, the phenomena of migration towards EU boundaries has disorientated the way how
different regions are being developed and facing different problems, too. EU institutions are conceived
to be very bureaucratic and centralized ones. This has made the public opinion to think that EU
institutions are issues to be handled only by Brussels, Strasbourg, Luxembourg, which are far away from
their everyday life and reality and sometimes impossible to be truly reached.
1 Lecturer, Department of Law, Faculty of Political and Juridical Sciences, University Aleksander Moisiu, Durres, Albania,
Address: 14, 2001, Rruga Currila, Durrës, Albania, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2 Lecturer, Department of Law, Faculty of Political and Juridical Sciences, University Aleksander Moisiu, Durres, Address:
14, 2001, Rruga Currila, Durrës, Albania, Corresponding author: email@example.com.