The European Citizen and Public Administration
The European Regional Development Fund and Romanian
Erika Georgeta Kuciel1
Abstract: Romania, as a Member State of the European Union since 2007, receive financial assistance
through EU structural instruments. The goal of regional development policy is to reduce disparities in the
level of wealth, income between different regions and Member States of the European Union. In our country,
there are 8 development regions that receive non-refundable financial assistance through the European
Regional Development Fund. The aim of this paper is to present a comparative situation of the projects
financed by ERDF, related to the p eriod of financial programming 2007-2013, in two different development
regions of Romania: North-West and Central. The objective of this article is to analyze the ongoing and
implemented projects in transportation sector for the programming period 2007-2013, through ERDF, for the
two development regions. The concepts used in this article are the regional policy of the EU, structural funds.
The approach is based on several scientific research. According to Iain Begg, the structural funds aim to
promote economic development by stimulating growth rate of disadvantaged regions, public investment in
infrastructure, training, productivity of businesses in the region. The paper is based on theoretical
documentation regarding the structural funds, the concept of the European regional policy, the absorption
rate. The main methods employed were the observation, the specialized literature and publications. The
conclusion of this study is th at the North-West region has managed to attract more European funds through
the European Regional Development Fund in the period 2007-2013 for the rehabilitation of streets, county
and national roads. The case study can be used in university as a frame o f reference in order to compare one
of the two analyzed regions with other development regions. Although the North-West region had an
absorption rate higher than th e Central, through ERDF, in the North-West were upgraded seven county roads
while in the Central region they were eight.
Keywords: regional development; region; regional policy; structural funds.
1. Introduction and Theoretical Framework
This article aims to present the comparative situation between 2 Romanian development regions
receiving financial assistance through European Regional Development Fund, during the
programming period 2007-2013, using the Regional Operational Programme. This case study is based
only on the projects of the rehabilitation/modernization county roads in the regions mentioned above.
During the period 2000-2006, Romania, as a candidate country to the European Union, has received
non-repayable financial assistance through pre-accession instruments such ISPA, PHARE and
SAPARD; once became a Member State in 2007 on January 1, receive Community support in the
form of grants post-accession called Structural Instruments. The origins of these EU funds are in the
Treaty of Rome in whose preamble is determined commitment of Member States to „ensure their
1PhD, National University of Political Studies and Public Ad ministration (SNSPA) - Faculty of Public Administration,
Address: Address: 6 P overnei Str., Bucharest, Romania, Tel.: +4 0372249786; 0721.492.355, fax: +40372.249.784,
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org.