European Integration - Realities and Perspectives
Strategies of Environmental Policy in the European Union
Abstract: Strategies for achieving environmental policy reinforce the principle of subsidiary ( delegation of
responsibilities of Member States, while European Union outlines only the general objectives to be taken into
account) and try replacing the traditional vertical approach, command and control type, by promoting an
alternative model for ac hieving the EU average. One can say that these strategies are a kind of “aids”, which
complement standard tools and acting as incentives for the adoption of measures for environmental protection
that emphasizes the trend towards an approach based on the principle of volunteering. In the early '70s, was
recognized the need and legitimacy of a common environment. In time, will develop a progressive
environmental Community law, which includes over 200 directives and r egulations. They concern mainly
water protection, air quality, protection of f lora and fauna, noise, waste dis posal. Environmental legislation
has a particular characteristic; it takes into account economic aspects.
Keywords: environmental protection; European strategy;environmental agreements
Treaties establishing the European Communities did not provide explicit competent environmental
community. Dealing with pollution, the rapid growth, Member States have adopted measures at
national level. As a transboundary phenomenon, pollution could be controlled effectively only within
national borders. In addition, some of the measures adopted by Member States prevented the free
movement of goods within the common market. As a result, calls for joint action and pressure for
environment have multiplied. In 1972, shortly after the first UN Conference on Environment,
European Commission proposed a program of action in this field.
But previous legislation of 1986 had no legal basis in a treaty. Single European Act explicitly gives
competent European Community environmental policy. Thus, it will provide a formal legal basis that
overall increasing environmental regulation. European Single Act has set three priority objectives of
Community policy: an environmental, human health 2, 3 prudent and rational utilization of natural
resources (Article 130 R).
Treaty on European Union (1992) formally established the concept of sustainable development in EU
legislation. Four years later, the Treaty of Amsterdam has made sustainability a primary goal of the
European Union. European Union's future development must be based on the principle of sustainable
development and a high level of environmental protection. Environment must be integrated into the
definition and implementation of all economic and social policies of the EU, including trade, industry,
energy, agriculture, transport and tourism.
First Environmental Action Programmer (EAP) developed by the Heads of State and Government of
the Community based on this application is in the very beginning to the Community environmental
policy. Although first steps have focused more on repairing damage already occurred, the very first
principles of prevention set EAP. These principles were partially reversed, enlarged and completed the
three ESP’s (1977, 1983 and 1987).
Assoc iate Professor, PhD, “Danubius” University of Galati, 3 Galati Boulevard, 800654 Ga lati, Romania, Tel.:
+40.372.361.102, fax: +40.372.361.290, Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org.