266 SONIA ANDREEA STOICA
for territorial development European continent and ensure the harmonization of
national policies in the area of spatial planning)5.
And to come to the fore, the European Urbanism Charter was adopted by the
General Assembly of the European Council of Urban Planners in Barcelona on
April 12, 2013 "Vision for the Cities and Regions of Europe in the 21st Century6”.
2. Urban planning and landscaping in European states
The essential characteristic of the EU Member States is that they are all
democratic states that share the same principles and a system of values based on
respect for the rule of law, human rights and legal requirements.
The characteristics of the population structure indicate the possible meaning of
the evolution of a locality, these being used in drawing up town planning plans of
localities. Analyzed at a certain time, one can predict the type of development of the
locality and its degree of attractiveness7. Oscar Lewis argues that urbanization is not a
singular, unitary and universal process but a process that manifests itself in various
forms and meanings given by historical, social, economic and cultural conditions8.
Urban planning and spatial planning are projects of general interest9, of public
utility character, and are fundamentally aimed at satisfying the public interest. The
vast majority of the world's population lives in urban areas, and there is also the
main economic activity of a country that essentially influences urbanism and
landscaping policies. Population density is a very important planning factor as it
affects land use, urban management, infrastructure and people transit.
The vast majority of the world's population lives in urban areas, and there is
also the main economic activity of a country that essentially influences urbanism
and landscaping policies. Population density is a very important planning factor as
it affects land use, urban management, infrastructure and people transit.
With regard to the research carried out, we studied France, a semi-presidential
republic and founding member of the EU, and Poland, a former totalitarian state,
which joined the EU in 2004 in the first wave of the former communist states10.
in-context-european, accesat 18.08. 2017. Reuniunile CEMAT pân astzi, se gsesc prezentate, in
extenso, pe site-ul www.coe.int
6 The Charter of European Urbanism, art.7, disponibil la www.rur.ro/download/1485, accesat
7 Elena Maria Minea, Urbanism Оi amenajarea teritoriului, Suport de curs, Cluj Napoca, 2014, p. 36.
8 Lewis, O., 1973, Some perspectives on urbanization with special reference to Mexico City. In
A. Southall, editor, Urban Anthropology: Cross-Cultural Studies of Urbanization. New York, NY: Oxford
University Press, 125-138, p. 129.
9 J. Morand Devillier, Droit de l’urbanisme, Ed. Estem, Paris., p. 49, http://www.bibliotheque.
auf.org/doc_num.php?explnum_id=71, pdf. Accesat 16.08.2017.
10Datele prezentate în aceast seciune sunt de pe site-ul http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/
countries şi din Enciclopedia Uniunii Europene, Editura Meronia, Bucureşti, 2006.