Road Traffic in Romania in European Context - an Economic and Social Approach - part 2

Author:Florin-Dan Puscaciu, Rose-Marie Puscaciu
Pages:335-343
Performance and Risks in the European Economy
335
Road Traffic in Romania in European Context - an Economic and Social
Approach. Part 2
Florin-Dan Pușcaciu1, Rose-Marie Pușcaciu2
Abstract: This article is a further detail of the other one on the demographic crisis of Romania (Pușcaciu et al.,
2016). The big gap with the EU average conceals a real crisis that affects the entire economic development and
generates profound negative social effects. The lack of adequate road transport infrastructure deprives Romania
of applying modern methods of just-in-time management and determines that comparative advantages - such
as the relatively cheap and qualified labor force - are annihilated and ultimately derives a lack of attractiveness
for external investors. But the most serious consequence is the large number of deaths, caused by road accidents,
the direct consequence of the lack of a network of highways, and even of some traditional roads. For the
positioning of Romania in a European context in terms of quantity, but also in terms of chronological evolution,
we consider it is useful to analyze some indicators that commensurate the situation of Romania. We propose
that these aspects be stud ied with the help of the statistical-mathematical instrumentation using the graphic
method, for which we used the R Studio software.
Keywords: road infrastructure; highways; road accidents; fatality; corruption
JEL Classification: O350; R1; R2; R3; R4; R5
Given these large discrepancies in the record of fatalities per capita, it is necessary to analyze some of
the alleged causes that influence this indicator, such as: country level of development, level of
corruption, and the degree of endowment with cars. It is a non exhaustive choice because besides the
above-mentioned factors, we could also consider: the size of the roads and especially their quality, the
size of the highways, the level of education and civilization of the inhabitants, the consumption of
alcohol per capita, issues pertaining to obtaining a car license in each country, etc.
The dependence of fatalities per capita vs GDP per capita for the period 1995-2016 in EU countries is
shown in Figure 12.
1 Professor, PhD, Department of Economics, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654,
Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, E-mail: fdpuscaciu@univ-danubius.ro.
2, Senior Lecturer, PhD, Department of Economics, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati
800654, Romania, Tel.: +40372361102, Corresponding author: rosemarie.puscaciu@univ-danubius.ro.

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