162 ALEXANDRA BUCUR
and 5376 relocated from Greece. Austria and Hungary are the only two countries
that have not submitted any pledge nor relocated at all. 18 The relocation to Austria
of 1 065 applicants is suspended until 11 March 2017.19
In the mentioned period, 343 applicants from Greece were relocated to
Romania, and a lower number from Italy, i.e., 43.20 Every country must show
responsibility while applying new rules.
Note that Member States pay attention to "the best interests of the child”, since
a large number of minors have arrived on the territory of Europe. Also, in the
proceedings for relocation, family members are transferred to the same state.
Persons who are subject of relocation are informed about the procedure "In a
language which he knows or reasonably assumes that he knows." One of the
applicant rights is that, before the transfer, a person notified of the applicant
transfer decision will follow the applicant to the same state.
Currently, international cooperation is an absolute necessity assumed by most
states, while the migration phenomenon is amplifying. It is an effective way to
respond existing problems.
The most important activities coordinated by EASO, Frontex and other
relevant Agencies are: the screening of the third-country nationals arriving in Italy
and Greece, including their clear identification, fingerprinting and registration, the
provision to applicants or potential applicants that could be subject to relocation
procedure, the preparation and organisation of return operations for third-country
nationals who either did not apply for international protection, or whose right to
remain in Member States has ceased.21
The European Commission had an important role in terms of coordination
between the parties, providing solutions to bottlenecks encountered during the
application procedures, setting the strategic priorities.
In conclusion, the protection system can be more efficient by better balancing
of interests, rejection is not a solution to the current global problem. At the same
time, states have a legitimate interest in controlling internal security and defend
their borders from those who abuse the institution of asylum. But, even when
return is not immediately possible, basic rights are provided, like emergency,
access to education for children or healthcare.
The balance between the security of the EU and an immigrant protection
mechanism is a fundamental goal on the agendas of the authorities of the host
18 Austria benefits from a temporary suspension of the relocation of up to 30% of applicants
allocated to Austria under Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601.
19 Art. 1, Council Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/408 of 10 March 2016 on the temporary
suspension of the relocation of 30 % of applicants allocated to Austria under Decision (EU) 2015/1601
establishing provisional measures in the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and
20 Relocation and Resettlement - State of Play, 9 November 2016.
21 Council Decision (EU) 2015/1601 of 22 September 2015 establishing provisional measures in
the area of international protection for the benefit of Italy and Greece, art. 7.