Regulation of Labor in the European Union in the Context of Community Enlargement

Author:Victoria Onofrei
Position:University of European Studies of Moldova, Republic of Moldova
Pages:545-552
ISSN: 2067 9211 Miscellaneous
545
Regulation of Labor in the European Union
in the Context of Community Enlargement
Victoria Onofrei1
Abstract: In general, in international and intergenerational treaties, over the millennia, work has been
tacitly a right. Of course, for some time we can exclude from this right those who were actually forced
to perform free physical labor, referring here to the period in which slavery flourished visibly and officially.
Of course it would be an aberration to completely rule out this form of exploitation today, it has been
cleverly camouflaged by those who still practice it to obtain as many benefits as possible in their own
interest, deftly bypassing not only the legislative rules but the moral order itself of the existence of peers.
From our point of view, this form of labor exploitation is attracted by the lower standards of living in
developing countries, thus providing extremely cheap or free labor, when the one in greatest need is induced
into error and subsequently exploited. Over the years, following the awareness and capitalization of the
human personality, there is a continuous struggle with this unfortunate phenomenon. It is constantly wanted
to annihilate the exploitation of the human being and improve its working conditions. The first steps in this
regard were taken by the International Labor Organization, the leading player in the labor market and social
protection.
Keywords: International Labor Organization; international treaties; labor exploitation
With the economic development, the development of the sales markets as well as the increase of the
labor demand, the need of an intervention of new regulations was felt, or, we could say of legislative
completions. Thus, in support of the idea of protection and the provision of working conditions, the
European Union came into force since t he 90s, which felt the need to balance the production market
with the labor market.
Thus, taking into account the obligation of Member States to adapt or fully implement European Union
directives, labor law at national and Community level - in their correlation - can be considered as
instruments of European economic integration. The relations between national labor law and European
Union labor law become complex, mutually influential relations2. In this regard, the European Union
has adopted a series of directives regulating certain aspects of the market and labor law3, with the main
purpose of not simply legislating to fill the legal portfolio of the European Union, but creating the
principles of labor and social protection and for stabilizing, solving and annihilating the problems that
Member States were facing at national and international level in this field.
1 University of European Studies of Moldova, Republic of Moldova, Address: Strada Ghenadie Iablocikin 2/1 Str., Chisinau
2069, Republic of Moldova, Corresponding author: victoriaonofrei@univ-danubius. ro.
2 Popescu, Andrei (2008). Buletin de informare legislativa/Bulletin of legislative information, no. 2, Bucharest.
3 https://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=157&langId=en.

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