Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov
Series VII: Social Sciences • Law • Vol. 6 (55) No. 1 - 2013
PROLEGOMENA ON THE
Abstract: The capitalist man offers instead, also to the communist regime,
exactly what this system needs: the possibility of economic growth.
Key words: capitalism, human nature, competition, inductive rationality.
1 Bucharest University, Doctoral School of Sociology.
In the 90s’, the Romanian society took
on a new road that was supposed to be the
road of prosperity, freedom and
Clarifying the situation of the first 20
years of Romanian capitalism, taking into
account the aspirations of the Romanians,
the social mechanisms developed and the
diverse perspective of social transition, all
of these become a necessity when willing
to look towards a better future.
When looking back, there were moments
of vitality, sublimated sometimes or
devastating other times. Now, when the
ancient Western civilization prepares to
overcome the consequences of an
unprecedented spread global economic
crisis, Romania is forcing its own insertion
into capitalism, as unique remedy to
productivity growing. Thus, Romania tries
to find the most adequate ways to
reconstructing its own European identity.
2. The Human nature
It is surprising the fact that the most
long-drawn-out and the most efficient
socio-economic organization system is
built on the premise of a human nature that
is, if not evil, at least non-angelic.
However, the capitalism does not intend to
demonstrate the fact that men are or could
become better human beings, gifted with
full moral qualities and noble purposes.
In his book “The Passions and the
Interests”, Albert O. Hirschman depicts the
evolution of the human nature idea which
endows capitalism with dynamic feature,
purpose and meaning. Throughout several
centuries, capitalism renounced to follow,
identify and consecrate the human virtues,
observing that these ones were extremely
difficult to be found. Moreover, the news it
brings in is to stop the confrontation
between virtues and vice s. This is maybe
on the strength of willing to be the pioneer
of a new different road for humanity, a
storm-beaten humanity from the Church’s
political and authoritative perspective.
Wherever this regime was born, it came
from a political confrontation with an
establishment, offering more freedom of
action to the individuals.
This freedom of individual action
couldn’t have been manifested if the
purpose would have been, for example, the
creation of a brand-new man, more
virtuous and performing. Pr agmatically,