European Policy of General Charles de Gaulle in the French Public Opinion

AuthorIoana Panagoret
PositionValahia University of Targoviste
European Integration - Realities and Perspectives
European Policy of General Charles de
Gaulle in the French Public Opinion
Ioana Panagoret
“Valahia” University of Targoviste,
Abstract: General de Gaulle's policy of Construction of Europe can be understood only in the light of his
convictions, that reconsideration of 1958, when he returned to power, had inspired his foreign policy.
Although the General had not a vision about t he Construction of Europe, according to public opinion he was
often perceived as a real Europeanist ( in 1965 - 3 of 5 French people considered De Gaulle the champion of
European unity, and even in Ma rch 1969 half of French people considered him a convinced Europeanist).
Talking about institutional evolution after the General de Gaulle has left the power, the thesis he argued on
the role of other countries have r esumed by other countries and confirmed by facts. In act ual Community, the
Commission plays an important role of initiative and boost, but the essential decisions become obligations for
the states.
Keywords: France; General de Gaulle; Construction of Europe; poll; public opinion
French policy during General de Gaulle’s period was marked by attempting to set on a communitary
Europe, at least economically, an European ... Europe, enlarged from the six countries in the East and
independency toward the antagonist two blocks.
Affirming a poli cy on U.S. national-independence namely - French withdrawl from NATO in 1960 -
France strenghtened its position and attracts sympathy of small states, the USSR and its allies and
friendship with China. Despite its success in the nuclear field, France has no means of its policy. The
third World Latin American, Arabian or African needn’t good words, but factories, industrial products
and technology. France does not produce enough, or some, even t hough other and evolved during its
Fifth Republic; the French industry was inferiorto German industry, which in 1960 reached a potential
three-fold. The economical weakness of the country did not allow de Gaulle too much in his foreign
policy, often he succeeded in France than to irritate the U.S. and German industry to open the gate to
German industry. The Czech crisis in 1968 strongly emphasized the limits of Gaullist diplomacy,
especially in 1969, when President de Gaulle is defeated in a referendum in April 27 and retired to
Colombey, although the prestige of France was spread all over the world.
Jean - Marc - Boegner former diplomatic adviser to General de Gaulle and France's representative
besides European Communities emphasiyes in the volume De Gaulle en son siècle, that General’s
policy regarding Construction of Europe can not be understand in light of his beliefs than
reconsidering his convictions, even in 1958, when he returned to power, have inspired his foreign
policy. At the European policy of the General stood a few principles, which were allowed to mark the
European construction process, and predict a “Europe from the Atlantic to the Urals”.
General de Gaulle's declaration regarding the existence of “Two large hegemony” led after 1945 to
escape the influence of France policy pervailing the United States since 1945 and also the European
mistrust of NATO and communities. As was true that General de Gaulle fostered an undisguised
aversion toward integrating concepts of Supranational and at certain levels have inspired three treaties
of the European Communities creating institutions without the control states. This should not be
interpreted as an objection in principle to build a Union of Europe but as a goal to be achieved through
the free cooperation of states.

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