Perspective on the Economic and Strategic Relations between the EU and USA Regarding the Stage of Iran Denuclearization Agreement

AuthorAngela Mihaela Ene
ISSN: 2067 9211 International Relations in the Contemporary World. Geopolitics and Diplomacy
Perspective on the Economic and Strategic Relations between the EU and
USA Regarding the Stage of Iran Denuclearization Agreement
Angela-Mihaela Ene1
Abstract: The approach of the theme regarding the Nuclear Agreement concluded in Vienna on the 14th of July
2015, between Iran and the United States, Great Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany in terms of economic
and strategic relations between the US and the EU aims to characterize the real stake of the USA initiative, namely,
to withdraw from this agreement. Looking in detail at the meetings between the USA President, Donald Trump and
the French President, Emmanuel Macron on one hand and Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany, on the other
hand, we can understand that the real stake of these official meetings is represented by the new possible positions in
the economic and strategic military arena of the three powers: USA, France and Germany. It is understandable that
the subsequent change of terms of the nuclear agreement with Iran is only a reason to reconsolidate US economic
interests to the detriment of the EU and especially of France and Germany, which also arises from the attitude of the
two European leaders.
Keywords: Iran nuclear agreement; USA - EU economic relations; strategic interests
Described as a historical step in international security, Iran Nuclear Arrangement is now raising new issues
regarding its continuation and maintenance in the current form, especially by USA President, Donald
Trump. In addition to the de facto aim laid down in this agreement, namely that Iran should substantially
reduce the enriched uranium deposits and laboratories in order to eliminate the risk of nuclear weapons
production and maintain security in the area, there are also major economic interests, both of the EU and
the USA.
Even though the negotiations before signing the agreement in July 2015 were made by all the signatories in
a responsible manner, we can see that now, less than three years after the signing, the USA wants to
withdraw and impose new economic sanctions through the voice of President Donald Trump.
The economic sanctions that the USA wants to implement are extremely harsh, we could say even radical,
more exactly they want US companies and US partner companies to stop all trade relations with Iran,
which is definitely rejected by the EU.
The novelty that we are describing in this analysis, the one regarding the economic foreign policies
between the US and EU, is the US attempt to reset the international rules on economic and foreign policy
cooperation under the auspices of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. Thus, as part of
an international agreement, the US attempts unilaterally and without deliberating on the economic and
1 Senior Lecturer, PhD, Danubius University of Galati, Romania, Address: 3 Galati Blvd., Galati 800654, Romania, Tel.:
+40372361102, Romania, E-mail:

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