Personal data protection and liability for damage
in the field of the internet of things
PhD. Kateryna NEKIT1
PhD. Denis KOLODIN2
PhD. Valentyn FEDOROV3
This article analyzes the concept and legal issues of the Internet of Things to
explore whether the existin g legal framework is appropriate to deal with this new
phenomenon. It examines the system of lega l issues in the field of the Internet of Things and
the ways of their solution. The attention is paid to the personal data protection issue. The
conclusion is made about the necessity to ensure the realization of GDPR provisions
concerning privacy outside the European Un ion, which is possible by the conclusion of
international agreements with non-EU countries. The article also considers how it is
possible to deal with damage caused by the Internet of Things. This ta kes into account
conditions of compensation of damage caused by IoT devices. The necessity of self-
regulation in the field of the Internet of Th ings for ensuring information security and
preventing damage ca used by the Internet of Things is emphasized. This would be possible
in case of close cooperation between technology companies and civil society. S uch an
approach would minimize government intervention in this area, which would contribute to
the rapid development of innovative technologies.
Keywords: Internet of Things, GDPR, personal data protection, information
security, privacy, compensation of damage.
JEL Classification: K15, K22, K24
The impact of technology on human life and the development of society is
difficult to overestimate. At the end of the twentieth century, the history of
humankind was divided into two eras due to the emergence of the Internet. And the
speed in the development of technology is gaining so fast, that today, at the
beginning of the XXI century, we can talk confidently about a new era in our
history - the era of the Internet of things. The number of devices connected to the
Internet was 500 million in 2003, by 2010 their number had increased to 12.5
billion, and by 2020, according to various sources, Internet connections from 26 to
50 billion devices are predicted4. On the one hand, it opens up tremendous
1 Kateryna Nekit - National University “Odessa Law Academy”, Ukraine, email@example.com.
2 Denis Kolodin - National University “Odesa Law Academy”, Ukraine, firstname.lastname@example.org.
3 Valentyn Fedorov - National University “Odesa Law Academy”, Ukraine, email@example.com.
4 Храмцов П., Всеобъемлющий и нтернет: прогнозы и реальность. ”Открытые с истемы”, 4,
2013 [Hramtsov P., Comprehensive Internet: forecasts and reality. ”Open S ystems”, 4, 2013].
[online], available at: http://www.osp.ru/os/2013/04/13035552/ [Accessed 28 Aug. 2019].