European Integration - Realities and Perspectives 2012
Organizational Culture Perspective Ethnological
Approach Reflected in the Work of Dimitrie Cantemir
, Luminia Cecilia Crenicean
Abstract. Culture is the f oundation to explain nearly all phenomena and processes occurring within
organizations, as well as performance differences between organizations. Similar national culture,
organizational culture is at the same time, the premise and starting point for changing the organization's
performance. In an uncertain environment, marked by profound structural and pr ocedural changes required an
organizational culture and historical research in order to identify component elements relatively easy to
change. In this regard, an analysis of organizational culture i n ethnological perspective permit to identify its
components and accumulated cultural elements reflected in the work of Dimitrie Cantemir. It explains, f or
example, positive behavior of organizations with foreign partners (hospitality), and certain organizational
values: tolerance, intelligence, spirit of oratory, humor, corruption, works jumps, etc.
Keywords: culture, national culture, organizational culture, ethnology, cultural anthropology
JEL Classification: M14; J13; M31
Research has shown that employees and managers bring their ethnicity in the workplace. Cultural
identity is an attribute relevant to different levels of organization of ethnic communities. Thus,
national culture explained more differences than they showed in one place: age, profession and gender.
In fact, experts agree that not only did diminish and cancel national differences, but rather than that
organization's culture keep and increases them.
Also, national culture is built on an ethnic foundation which ensures its specificity, but did not provide
it directly. Ethnicity is the interior structure of culture; history is accumulated in specific traditions and
attitudes towards the world system, language and its literary monuments, stylistic matrix, etc. It should
be noted that the explanations given by historians, national culture aimed to be established by
psychological mechanisms. National culture field consists of language, law and ethics, literature and
traditions, arts. Moreover, national consciousness is a complex soul, a synthesis of several elements
among which may be mentioned: physical-geographical factors, racial, intellectual, emotional, of will,
language, religion, ancestral, social, historical and economic, etc.
In this context, one can consider the possibility of analyzing the organizational culture from the
perspective of cultural anthropology. In this respect, is taking in account the strategy of historical
research of organizations culture, which involves studying the genesis and evolution of the phenomena
of organizational culture and its manifestations, as well as in historical and individual behaviors. The
subject matter of organizational culture is given by its components. Organizational culture in
ethnological research perspective is possible because of information contained in Cantemir's work.
PhD. Professor, “Dimitrie Cantemir” Christian University, Bucharest, 176 Splaiul Unirii Street, 4
District, Romania, fax
+40213307900, Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Assistant Professor PhD Student, “Dimitrie Cantemir” Christian University, Bucharest, 176 Splaiul Unirii Street, 4
District, Romania, fax no 0213307900, email@example.com.