Occupational therapy - possible solution for preventing the breach of criminal law and socially reintegrating offenders

AuthorConstantin Marc Neagu
PositionAssistant Lecturer, PhD candidate, Faculty of Law, 'Nicolae Titulescu' University of Bucharest (e-mail: lexetscientia@univnt.ro).
Pages136-144
LESIJ NO. XXIV, VOL. 2/2017
OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY - POSSIBLE SOLUTION FOR
PREVENTING THE BREACH OF CRIMINAL LAW AND
SOCIALLY REINTEGRATING OFFENDERS
Constantin Marc NEAGU*
Abstract
This paper a ims at giving a brief overview on occupational therapy, a less known branch
belonging to health science, which focuses on improving the cognitive, physical and motor skills within
the individual. For its obvious benefits, one would like to propose to apply this treatment to criminally
convicted individuals in order to better achieve their social reintegration. In this regard, occupational
therapy can increase the offender’s self esteem, so tha t, finally, his social reintegration could become
successful. Therefore, current trends in occupational therapy are outlined and a short historical
evolution of this branch of health science is also provided.
Keywords: occupational therapy; therapy through work; reintegration of offenders; preventing
criminal behaviour; overpopulated prisons
1. Introduction. Outlining the
Concept
The interest in the topic of
occupational therapy in the field of cri minal
sciences lies in the very notion of the term
‘criminal science’. As defined in the legal
dictionary, ‘the criminal law science is a
branch of legal-criminal s cience which
represents a system of knowledge expressed
in concepts, theories, ideas intended to
explain the need, purpose and tasks of
criminal law, to establish the methods of
investigation for legal and criminal
phenomena, to develop legal means to
prevent and combat crime by means of the
criminal law
1
.’
* Assistant Lecturer, PhD candidate, Faculty of Law, “Nicolae Titulescu” University of Bucharest (e-mail:
lexetscientia@univnt.ro).
1
legeaz.net/dictionar-juridic/stiinta-dreptului-penal-si-procesual-penal. See, as well, M. A. Hotca, Manual de
drept penal. Partea generală - Criminal Law Textbook. The General Part, Universul Juridic Publishing House,
Bucharest, 2017, p. 22-25.
What is meant by occupational therapy
derives from the words that compose it.
Having an occupation means being
involved, committed and really participating
in a motivated manner. Therapy means
being treated for an illness, disability, or
handicap.
Occupational therapy is the art and
science directing the patient into
participating in certain activities to rebuild,
strengthen or improve one’s performance, to
facilitate the acquisition of those skills and
functions that are required for adaptation and
productivity, as well as for the reduction or
correction of the pathology, so as to maintain
one’s health status. The fundamental
concern of occupational therapy is to
maintain and develop a p erson’s capacity to
satisfactorily perform various activities for

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