The Treaty of Nice, European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights

AuthorNicolae Dura - Catalina Mititelu
PositionProfessor PhD, Ovidius University of Constanta - Senior Lecturer, PhD, Ovidius University of Constanta
The Treaty of Nice, Eur
: The enforcement of the Ch
rights provided in the European Uni
protection of human rights, expa
security etc. At the same time, the pr
Treaty as regards the European Eco
also i n reaching a new phase in the
European Communities stipulated in
the human rights
; the Eu
Gathered in Cologne on June 4
, 19
applicable at Union level should b
(Conclusions, Item 44). This “Eur
Schutter, 2002)
has been adopted on December 10, 2
and has been signed on February, 20
(France). Although this Treaty –
the 15 member-
states of The Europ
example, the Irish people rejected th
The Treaty of Nice represents –
The Treaty of Amsterdam –
a consti
knowing and applying the provisions
The institutional changes provided b
the year 2004. Thus, the new Europ
and the new Commission, which
The agreement concluded in the en
members that would activate in The
The Great Britain – 72; France –
25; Greece -
22; The Czech Republ
Professor PhD
, Ovidius University of C
+40241670900. Corresponding author
: nicol
Senior Lecturer, P hD
, Ovidius Univers ity o
0241670900. E-mail:
Legal Sciences in the New
uropean Union Charter of Fundamental
icolae D
, C
lina Mititelu
Charter of Nice not only offered the more visible image of the ba
nion Member States, but also established the more solid juridica
xpanded over other fields of activity, e.g. the guarantee of comm
provisions of the Treaty of Nice resulted not only in the modifica
c Community, in order to establish the European Comm
the pr ocess of European Integration, engaged through the creat
in the European Union Treaty.
European Union Treaty; the right to liberty and security
, 1999, The European Council required that
“the fund
d be consolidated in a Charter and thereby made m
European Union Charter of Fundamental Rights” (
ed in Nice as a Treaty (Petri
Constantinescu, 2007,
0, 2000 by 15 state and government leaders of The Eu
, 2001 during the Session of The European Council ga
entered into force on January the 1
, 2003 –
has been
ropean Union, it has not been ratified by all signato
the Treaty in June, 2001 through a Referendum.
long with other foregoing Treaties, e.g. The Treaty of M
stitutional instrument regarding the human rights, hen
ons included within
its text.
d by The Treaty of Nice would only have been applie
ropean Parliament elected in June 2004 consisted in
ch started its mandate
in November 2004, only co
end of the meeting in Nice has also established the
he European Parliament. Thus, Germany would have
72; Italy
- 72; Spain - 50; Poland - 50; Romania -
- 20; Belgium - 22; Hungary - 20; Portugal -
Address: 124, Mamaia Avenue, Constanta, 90
ty of Co
nstanta, Address: 1 24, Mamaia A
venue, Constanta, 9 0052
New Millennium
tal Rights
basic human
ical basis for
ication of the
munity, but
eation of the
ndamental rights
e more evident”
07, p. 10), which
European Union,
gathered in Nice
een signed by all
atory states. For
of Maastricht and
ence the need of
lied starting with
in 732 members,
consisted in 25
e number of the
ave 99 members;
33; Netherlands
22; Sweden
- 18;
527, Romania
. Tel.
0527, Romania
. Tel.

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