Modern Problems of Interaction of the Higher Education System and the Labor Market in the Russian Federation

Author:E. Karavaeva, S. Zapryagaev
Pages:399-403
SUMMARY

The EU initiative to create a unified European system of higher education (as a response to the dominance of US universities in the field of education and to the need of integration the dissimilar systems of individual European countries education) has initiated a significant process of rethinking the notions of higher education in both individual countries and globally. The Russian education... (see full summary)

 
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International Relations in the Contemporary World. Geopolitics and Diplomacy
399
Modern Problems of Interaction of the Higher Education System and the
Labor Market in the Russian Federation
Evgenia Karavaeva1, Sergey Zapryagaev2
Abstract: The EU initiative to create a unified European system of higher education (as a response to the dominance
of US universities in the field of education and to the need of integration the dissimilar systems of individual European
countries education) has initiated a significant process of rethinking the notions of higher education in both individual
countries and globally. The Russian education system was involved into the European process of reform and
modernization by the own initiative, trying to find answers to the new challenges posed by the market economy and by
the new socioeconomic structure of Ru ssia. However, even after 20 years of continuous transformation, the current
higher education system of the Russian Federation still remains before a real list of unresolved problems and challenges.
Keywords: Higher Education System; Labor Market; Russian Federation
1. Introduction
The EU initiative to create a unified European system of higher education (as a response to the
dominance of US universities in the field of education and to the need of integration the dissimilar
systems of individual European countries education) has initiated a significant process of rethinking the
notions of higher education in both individual countries and globally. The Russian education system
was involved into the European process of reform and modernization by the own initiative, trying to
find answers to the new challenges posed by the market economy and by the new socioeconomic
structure of Russia. However, even after 20 years of continuous transformation, the current higher
education system of the Russian Federation still remains before a real list of unresolved problems and
challenges.
Outside of the customary planned economy, the traditional higher education institutions have given rise
to considering themselves as the not modern structures that ostensibly lag behind the demands of the
labor market. At the same time, the European and world criteria for un iversities became as the main
criteria for the definition of a “modern university” in RF. The quality of education and the relevance of
graduates to the labor market have become among the main criteria for assessing the activities of Russian
universities. As a result, a noticeable difference manifested between the existing content of the Russian
Federation higher education, based on academic standards and actual requirements of employers to
graduates. (Pilipenko, Zhidkov, Karavaeva & Serova, 2016, pp. 5-15) This difference was most
noticeable in the group of classical universities that created during the Soviet period. They found
1 PhD, ACUR, Moscow State University, Russia, Address: Vorobiovy gory, MSU, main building, A-1006, Moscow, Russia,
119991, Tel.: +7 495 939 25 05, Corresponding author: karavaeva@rector.msu.ru.
2 Professor, PhD, Voronezh State University, Russia, Address: University pl.1, Voronezh, Russia, 394006, Tel.:
+79036529105, E-mail: zsa@main.vsu.ru.

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